What Are The Ten Commandments? Complete List From the Bible and Life Application

by Jack Wellman · Print Print · Email Email

Are the Ten Commandments still relevant today?  Are there applications for a believer’s life in this day and age?  What are ways in which we can apply these to our day to day life?

What Are the Ten Commandments?

The Ten Commandments were given to Moses from God Himself for the people of Israel but they equally apply to all peoples of the earth.  How can “You shall not murder” ever be considered to be out of date?  The Ten Commandments were given to help us live and to be prosperous on the earth.  They are as relevant today as in the day in which they were given.  Exodus 20 contains a complete list of these Commandments.  These are laws given by God that are guides in how to live.  They contain ethical and moral principles that if kept, could nearly replace all other laws given to mankind.  The first four Commandments are vertical.  That is they involve our relationship with God.  The last six Commandments are horizontal and establish how we ought to relate to our fellow human beings.  It is interesting that when they are put together, they form a cross.  The Ten Commandments were the foundation of many of the Western Nations and today they form the bedrock of society as a whole, although many are considered to be out of date.

The fact that these Commandments were written by God Himself and were inscribed on tablets of stone indicate their permanence and that they are considered timeless.  These are not man-made laws which can change over time and differ in cultural settings.  The Ten Commandments have not changed and they are not meant to change, only to change human behavior to fit them.  These are not negotiable and with the exception of the Sabbath command, were repeated in the New Testament by the apostles and by Jesus Christ Himself.  These moral laws were given by the Moral Lawgiver – that is by God – and they will never be outdated.  They are the standard for obedience given to us and they reflect the holiness of God.  If you break these Laws, you will have to give an account to the Lawgiver.  Only Jesus Christ kept the Law perfectly.  These Laws reflect God’s character and James said that they act as a mirror to the human conscience as wrote, “whoever looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues in it—not forgetting what they have heard, but doing it—they will be blessed in what they do” (James 1:25).  We are clear what Law James was talking about when he clarifies it by saying, “If you really keep the royal law found in Scripture, “Love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing right. But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers.  For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.  For he who said, “You shall not commit adultery,” also said, “You shall not murder. If you do not commit adultery but do commit murder, you have become a lawbreaker” (James 2:8-11).

What Are The Ten Commandments

Who among us have truly kept this Law?

We know that all of the Ten Command- ments, with the exception of the Sabbath, were repeated by the New Testament authors and by Jesus Christ.  When the young, rich man came up to Jesus he asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life? “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments.” “Which ones?” he inquired. Jesus replied, “You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother,’ and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.’ “All these I have kept,” the young man said. “What do I still lack?” Jesus answered, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”  When the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he had great wealth” (Matt 19:16-22). Here we see that Jesus was saying that being a good person was not enough to inherit eternal life for this young, rich man had kept the Commandments except that he coveted his money and was not willing to part with it.  In this regard, he also broke the First Commandment, as his wealth was his god.  Jesus was not really saying that we should give everything away, but that we should not be coveting our money or putting it in the place of God.  This young man was also committing idolatry with his money, thereby breaking the Second Commandments that you should not make a graven image of anything or bow down to it.  In effect, this man was not actually keeping the Commandments, but he was breaking several of them.

Another misconception that the man was making was that he could inherit eternal life by keeping the Law where he was trying to earn eternal life by doing good.  He didn’t understand that no one is saved by the Law nor could anyone actually keep the Law.  It is impossible for humans to keep the Law and their best efforts are works oriented which contradicts the fact that we are saved by grace alone and not by works (Eph 2:9). Jesus had the chance to tell this man that the Ten Commandments were no longer in effect, but instead He readdressed them which established their permanence.

Life Application of the Ten Commandments

The Law is actually a divine act of love.  Just as human laws are intended to keep us from harm, so were the Ten Commandments given to us to keep us from hurting ourselves and others.  In what ways can we see a life application in each of these Commandments?  Charles Spurgeon and Martin Luther both loved to pray through the Ten Commandments, showing our sinful nature and spiritual depravity to keep them.  In Exodus 20 (and elsewhere) the Ten Commandments can be used as a guide to light our path for everyday living.  Let’s take a look at the Ten Commandments in Exodus 20 and see how there are ways in which we can apply them to our life and how we might better understand their meaning in our day to day living.

The First Commandment – Exodus 2:1-3

And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. “You shall have no other gods before.”

Who among us have truly kept this Law?  I certainly haven’t, just as I haven’t kept the rest of the Commandments. People have put their own interests ahead of God in the sense that they give more time to watching TV, or surfing the Internet, or going fishing, or shopping, or…the list is endless.  Few of us put prayer as a priority and reading the Word of God as being of supreme importance.  Church attendance has dropped to an all-time low in this nation and it’s continuing to decline every year.  Many are staying home on Sundays to watch football, to sleep in, go fishing, golfing, or camping out.  If we could say that we have a special guest this Sunday at church and we wanted everyone to show up to welcome him many would ask, “Who is it?”  It is actually God who is worshipped and when we worship Christ at church, He is there in presence.

The Second Commandment – Exodus 20:4-6

You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.  You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.”

More trouble for me here.  God is jealous of us as a husband is jealous of his wife or a wife is of her husband.  What is more important in this world than God.?  Again, I plead guilty to this. We can all have idols and this command doesn’t necessarily mean the carved wooden or stone images but anything that is idolized above and beyond our adoration and worship of God .  There can be many forms of idolatry, including our own children.  We might not bow down to our idols but we can often pay homage to them, whatever they are, by spending an inordinate amount of time, money, and effort on them.  Just fill in the blank for anything that we worship more than God.

The Third Commandment – Exodus 20:7

You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.”

This might be the most overlooked but most abused of the Commandments.  What is called a euphemism is actually a substitute for a name that we use in place of some name.  It is a synonym that is used in place of some word that is often harsh or offensive.  One of these are taking Jesus’ name in vain and since Jesus is God, when we say, “Gee whiz” or “Geez” we are essentially taking the Lord’s name in vain.  Some even use Jesus Christ’s name when they are angry or when something happens that makes them mad.  This is using His name as a swear or a cuss word.  Using His name like this is serious business to God.  A stern warning is given to those who use Jesus’ name in a profane or vulgar way.

There are several other forms too that are used that are no less offensive to God which include the terms “Gosh”, “Gosh darn it”, “Damn it”, and some resort to not even using a euphemism and use the word “damn” right after God’s name.  This is so disgusting that I will not even put these two words together out of respect and reverence for His holy name.  When we say this, we are placing ourselves in God’s place and asking God to damn or condemn someone or something to hell fire.  We hear this so frequently today – in prime time TV programs, on the radio, and in public – that it’s generally acceptable, but in God’s Law, it is an abomination and He will not hold anyone guiltless who say such things.  That doesn’t mean that when a Christian says it in a moment of anger, God will not forgive him or her, but it surely should not be something we normally or so easily say and when we do say, we must repent and ask God’s forgiveness.

Yet another term that seems to be acceptable and is widely said on TV, in the movies, on the radio, and again, in public is “Oh my God” and “Oh my gosh.”  Now this may not seem offensive, even to believers, but it is nothing less than taking God’s name and using it in vain.  To use His name in vain means that we use it in a useless and meaningless manner.  We might think it doesn’t hurt anything or anyone, but that is not what God thinks of it.  I have even heard small children use this with no remorse at all and it is so acceptable that it doesn’t even raise an eyebrow.  Let it not be so among the Bride of Christ.

The Fourth Commandment – Exodus 20:8-11

Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.  Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns.  For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.”

This commandment is the only one that is not repeated by the New Testament writers or by Jesus Christ.  The religious leaders of Jesus’ day had made this an encumbering and enslaving day where people could not even pick up a rock to remove from their sandal or to go fetch a bucket of water.  The Pharisees had made so many rules and regulations about the Sabbath, over and above what was written in the Law, that the Sabbath was made a heavy burden to the nation of Israel.   Jesus told the religious leaders of His day that He was Lord of the Sabbath and that the Sabbath was made for man, not the other way around as the religious hypocrites of the day had insisted it was.

The principle today is that we need to rest.  God rested on the seventh day, even though He did not need to rest, but He did so as an example for us today.  A study was published a few years ago and found that human productivity was actually higher when a person took one day of rest than when they worked for seven straight days.  The human body is frail and feeble and needs to rest and recuperate after a long week of work.  Today many rest and worship on Sunday and they discover that a respite from the every day grind of work is beneficial to recharge their bodies, minds, and spirits for the coming week.  This also points back to God as the Creator for God made the heavens and the earth in six days and on the seventh day, He rested.

The first four commandments are vertical Commandments and they all are related to God Almighty Who is in heaven above.  The last six Commandments are horizontal and they are related to how we deal with one another on earth.

The Fifth Commandment – Exodus 20:12

Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

I find it interesting that the first Commandment given mankind starts with the home.  It starts with children honoring their father and their mother.  In fact, Paul thought that this Commandment was so important that he repeated it in his instructions for the church, in Ephesians 6:2-3, “Honor your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise — so that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth.”  There is a promise that if children honor and obey their parents, they can enjoy life on earth and it will be a long life at that.  The glue to any society and any nation is that of the family.  When children are disobedient, these same children raise children that are often just as or more disobedient than they were as children.  Disobeying and not honoring your parents shows that you are not honoring and obeying God Who has placed them in authority over them.  God sees children not honoring their parents as not honoring Him.  God will not prosper or guarantee a long life to any who disobey or are rebellious to their parents and indirectly to Him.

The Sixth Commandment – Exodus 20:13

You shall not murder.”

Most people think it is “You shall not kill” but the better translations say it the way it was originally meant, “You shall not murder.”  You shall not kill is not the original meaning of this Commandment.  This is reemphasized by the Apostle John who reminded us that just hating someone may not seem serious to us but said, “Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life in him” (1 John 3:15).  Not only have they committed murder in their hearts by hating someone, John says that they must not actually have eternal life and thereby must not really be a believer in Christ.  Why?  John specifies why in writing, “If someone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen?  And this commandment we have from Him: that he who loves God must love his brother also” (1 John 4:20-221).

Jesus said that we commit murder in our heart when we are angry or hate another person.  Notice Matthew 5:21-22: “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.”

The Seventh Commandment – Exodus 20:14

You shall not commit adultery.”

Once again Jesus expounds on this.  It’s not just the physical act of adultery that Jesus was talking about but the intent of the heart.  Jesus takes this Law to its fuller meaning when He said, “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’   But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.   And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell” (Matt 5:27-30).  Anytime Jesus says, “You have heard it said” He is referring to the Old Testament Laws but Jesus came to fulfill the Law and give the Law its fuller meaning. The Law originally was concerned only with the external acts, but Jesus established that the Law was concerned with the intent of the heart.

The Eighth Commandment – Exodus 20:15

You shall not steal.”

Most people do not believe that they are thieves but has anyone left work early, or have they taken a few pens home, or talked a little too much with co-workers at work while they are on the clock, or taken a little longer lunch than allowed, or surfed the Internet at work?  This is the same thing as stealing when we take something that rightly does not belong to us and this includes our employer paying us to work when we do not.  Employers too can steal from their workers when they don’t pay them a fair wage, when the take away benefits when the employee was promised them or when they refuse to give raises when the cost of living goes up.  The point is stealing is more than shoplifting or stealing someone’s purse or wallet.  When we take things that someone accidentally loses or leaves and then take it for ourselves instead of trying to find the rightful owners, we are stealing.  To justify our actions we say, “Finders keepers, loser’s weepers.”  But that is no less than stealing.  Even though there are times when it might be impossible to find the rightful owner, do we at least make an honest attempt to do so?

The Ninth Commandment – Exodus 20:16

You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.”

No one might ever think that gossip should be considered giving false testimony, which is another way of saying “you shall not tell a lie”, but gossip is taking something that someone else has said and spreading it around to others without checking to see if it’s actually true.  Idle gossip hurts everyone involved.  Psalm 101:5a says, “Whoever slanders their neighbor in secret, I will put to silence.”  God sees gossiping as no different from lying, “words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to the inmost parts” (Prov 18:8).  If you think unrepentant lying is not serious, read Revelation 21:8, “But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.” Liars are included in this list of those who are headed for the lake of fire because God desires truth in the inward parts (Psalm 51:6).  One of the main thrusts of this command to not lie is that it slanders someone or assassinates their character and gossiping is considered lying in God’s economy.

The Tenth Commandment – Exodus 20:17

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

Not too many people drive a donkey or work their fields with an ox today, but how about coveting your neighbor’s new car or their new riding mower?  This might be a better context within our society today.  When we are full of envy, we are coveting what our neighbor has and what our neighbor has every right to own.  It is none of our business what they have and we are coveting these goods of our neighbors when we wish or desire that had them.  The same thing would apply to coveting their job, their home, their position in life, and so on.  Anything that we despise that our neighbors have and wish we ourselves had is coveting.  Coveting their high paying jobs or anyone who is rich is coveting their possessions and their money.

Also, we can look with lust at our neighbors husband or wife and covet them.  This also breaks the Seventh Commandment because we can lust after a man or woman and in doing so, we have committed adultery in our heart (Matt 5:27-20).

I do not believe that Christians ought to gamble because that is coveting money and when we gamble we are taking away money from our own family for our and their own needs to try and get more money.  Essentially, it is attempting to win other people’s money.  The desire to get rich can cause many Christians to stumble, as Paul wrote to Timothy “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs” (1 Tim 6:10).

The Greatest Commandment

Jesus was asked which was the greatest Commandment and His response was

Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’  This is the first and greatest commandment.  And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt 22:37-39). 

In the first part of the “greatest commandment“ response given by Jesus, I believe He summed up all of the first four Commandments that are directed horizontally, toward God.  The “love your neighbor as yourself” are the last six Laws in the Commandments that are vertically positioned to our fellow human beings. When we love our neighbor, we will not lie about them, gossip about them, steal their property, or covet their goods.  One important and most often overlooked part of the second part of Jesus’ greatest Commandment is that we are to love ourselves too. God loves us and does not like it when we are too hard on ourselves and do not love our own self.  We are to love our neighbors, as ourselves!

Jesus said that He came not to break the Law but to fulfill (or complete) the Law and not one jot or tittle (a small dot and a tiny stroke used in the Hebrew writings) would not pass away until heaven and earth passes away (Matthew 5:18, Luke 21:32).  Essentially this means that it would not pass away at all and would abide forever, just as God has said in His Word (1 Pet 1:25).  We can not use the excuse that Jesus fulfilled the Law so we don’t have to keep it. No, He said, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them” (Matt 5:17).  The Ten Commandments will never pass away.  When we break them, they will break us.  Only Jesus has kept the Law perfectly, but we by all means must try and abide by them, for in them is life.

Paul understood the Law well being a former Pharisee and he wrote in Romans 7:7-12, “What shall we say, then? Is the law sinful? Certainly not! Nevertheless, I would not have known what sin was had it not been for the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.”  But sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of coveting. For apart from the law, sin was dead. Once I was alive apart from the law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died. I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life) actually brought death.  For sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, deceived me, and through the commandment put me to death.  So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, righteous and good.”  Let us try to live by the Law, the Law of the Ten Commandments.

Interested in some more Bible Questions and Answers?Check out these other articles by Pastor Jack:

What Happens to People that Have not Heard the Gospel of Jesus Christ? Read this article to see some important facts that Pastor Jack points out regarding eternal destination.

What Does it Mean to be Spiritually Dead? Jack Wellman investigates and points out some things about the spiritually dead Christian and the spiritually dead Church. He also talks about fruitfulness; challenging every Christian to examine one’s self.

Who Created God? Is God outside of Time? Enjoy this thought-provoking and interesting article about the Eternal Creator God.



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{ 39 comments… read them below or add one }

Johnson Chege June 6, 2012 at 8:00 am

Thank you Pastor for yet another well elaborated article. I have learnt alot from it and Pray that I may be able to live a well Godly connected relationship with both parts of the commandment. Be blessed.


Jack Wellman June 6, 2012 at 3:32 pm

Mr. Chege…you are more kind to me than I deserve sir. May God bless you today.


Mabel Jacome June 6, 2012 at 10:40 pm

Thank you for this great article, I have often found myself trying to explain this to “believers” who claim that we are no longer under the law & that all we need to do is accept Jesus as our Lord & Saviour and continue life as we had it; thus deceiving themselves into thinking they are saved just because they went through the “saving” experience. And while the only truth is that we are saved by grace, the fruit of true salvation is the manifestation of God’s Power & Glory through us in keeping the law. I love the simplicity of your writing, it is so easy to understand and retain; therefore easy to communicate. I will be sharing this article. To God be the Glory for ever. God Bless you! Maranatha


Jack Wellman June 7, 2012 at 3:36 pm

Thank you so very much Mabel. The Law is great at stopping the mouth of unbelievers for making excuses such as they are a good person and think that they’ll go to heaven when there is only One Way to heaven (Acts 4:12). The Law points people to their sinfulness and their desperate need for a Savior and then grace is more easily accepted. Thank you for sharing this my friend. I love that you are a faithful witness to the gospel, especially since only 1 in 20 actively witness to the lost. We have an article called “Who Goes to Heaven? Do Good People Go to Heaven?” at :



ma elena June 7, 2012 at 3:48 am



Jack Wellman June 12, 2012 at 5:18 pm

Thank you so much Ma Elena. I appreciate your visiting us and for your comment. God bless you as well.


Sara June 11, 2012 at 10:01 pm

Thank you so much for this article. I found myself reading each piece and reflecting on how I had also committed each sin. But in the end, I had such a clear understanding. God does not expect humans to never sin, but to have such profound faith in Christ that they are sure when they repent that their sins are forgiven, and they are saved. Thanks again.


Jack Wellman June 12, 2012 at 5:20 pm

Hello Sara. Thank you so much for your kind words. Amen to your words. God does not expect us to not sin…for we are not sinless…but we do sin less. Thank God for women of faith like you who understand the Holy Bible. I repent and ask for forgiveness each and every day and God is faithful and just to forgive us (1 John 1:9).


james June 13, 2012 at 5:27 am

this may seem like a stupid question but why are homosexuality and suicide sins?


Mabel Jacome June 13, 2012 at 1:53 pm

Hi James, there are no stupid questions if they are sincerely asked. For a Christian believer, sin is anything that our Father in heaven forbids or warns us not to do. Just like a good parent forbids their children not to do certain things and warns them of the consequences. As parents, we do this by setting certain rules; rules we expect our children to obey, not only out of love and respect for us, but for their own convenience and wellbeing in the end. Addressing homosexuality & suicide in particular, the Bible says that we should not fall into any kind of sexual depravation or inmorality, this is because we belong to God, He paid a heavy price for us (His own death), and thus, once we accept Him, He dwells in us, our bodies are His living temple (Read 1 Cor. 6 & 7). Imagine the Creator of everything in existance, loved us so much, He made Himself a man, to die for our sins; therefore, if we love Him, we obey His commandments, because His commandments are always going to benefit us in this life we are living in this world and will guarantee us an eternal life in next to our Creator. Think about all the diseases sexual inmorality has brought, homosexuality in particular; not even being “natural” as in two of the same kind cannot even reproduce. About suicide, again, if your life does not belong to you, then what gives you the right to end it? And when you really think about it, being in the perfect love and peace of Christ, with the reassurance that one day we will rejoice in an everlasting heaven, what could possibly be so unbearable that we would choose to end our lives when we know that our days here on earth are so limited anyway…like a vapour in the wind…( Jas_4:14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.) Read the Bible and pray for answers, God is waiting eagerly to answer you! God Bless! 🙂


Jack Wellman June 13, 2012 at 2:43 pm

Mabel, Your answer is so very theologically sound. Let me thank you. I thank God for you as well.


james June 15, 2012 at 10:44 am

thanks. 🙂


Jack Wellman June 13, 2012 at 2:42 pm

Just what Mabel so well said James.


Kevin June 15, 2012 at 10:07 am

i couldn’t find an article to post this comment on but is not having a funeral a sin?
if you aren’t buried is it considered a sin?

also if you are cremated against your will is it a sin?


Jack Wellman June 15, 2012 at 3:05 pm

Not having a funeral service is not sin but not having a burial is illegal and so anything that is illegal is sin (see Romans 13). If you aren’t buried, then you have to get special permission from the authorities.

Getting cremated against your will is not so much sin as it is disrespecting the wishes of the deceased person. Getting cremated is not sin of itself but I think its best to follow someone’s wishes after death to not be cremated to follow their wishes. Thanks Kevin. Great questions.


chris November 15, 2013 at 5:37 pm

Isn’t it the spirit inside that counts not the flesh


Jack Wellman November 15, 2013 at 8:00 pm

Thank you Chris. Yes the Spirit, if you mean the Spirit of the Law but Jesus said that if you love me you will keep my commandments (John 14:15) and so don’t you think obeying God is good? And that these are there for our own good? Which commandment do you think is overruled by the “spirit”? Thanks friend.


kevin June 15, 2012 at 10:46 am

if i ride my bike or talk a walk on sunday is it a sin?

if a listen to bands like coldplay or linkin park is it a sin?


Jack Wellman June 15, 2012 at 3:07 pm

Kevin, I am not familiar with Coldplay or Linkin Park but if the lyrics (words) of the song glorify sin or sex or drugs, then I think it is. Now riding your bike or taking a walk on Sunday I don’t see that as sin, unless it keeps you from worshiping God on that day.


Nousernameavalible July 15, 2012 at 11:05 am

If some kids parents have told him stealing is wrong and he steals something without knowing it is wrong is it counted as a sin since he doesn’t know WHY it is wrong?


Jack Wellman July 15, 2012 at 1:30 pm

No, I don’t believe the children would be liable if they didn’t know stealing was wrong but even a young child knows stealing is wrong. We are to honor our mother and father but it should be as unto the Lord. The first four commandments are to God and children should disobey their parents if they are commanded to break the other commandments, i.e. stealing. It is a greater sin for the parents.


Todd July 19, 2012 at 9:21 am

is a sin only counted when you know why it is wrong?


Jack Wellman July 19, 2012 at 4:02 pm

Todd, I don’t believe we can say it is sin only when we know it is wrong. For those who don’t know Christ and don’t feel that adultery is wrong, and haven’t read the Bible, God will still punish them someday (Rev 20). David asked to be forgiven for his secret sins (unknown sins) that he committed. We must pray for forgiveness, even for those things we are not aware of that are sin. A sin is a sin, no matter whether we know it is or not. I believe we all should seek repentance daily and I try to do it once in the morning and once before bed for a daily cleansing and for the unknown sins as well. Like the old saying goes, ignorance is no excuse. If you get a ticked for passing in a no-passing zone and didn’t know it was illegal or didn’t notice the double yellow lines, the officer won’t stop and say, “Well, that’s alright…you didn’t know.”


Gary July 26, 2012 at 11:08 am

This is completely unrelated to the topic but is this referring to the king of tyre or to lucifer?-
Ezekiel 28:18-19-
“You defiled your sanctuaries
By the multitude of your iniquities,
By the iniquity of your trading;
Therefore I brought fire from your midst;
It devoured you,
And I turned you to ashes upon the earth
In the sight of all who saw you. 19 All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you;


Jack Wellman July 26, 2012 at 2:49 pm

Gary, I believe it is about Lucifer himself. In fact most study Bibles from John Mac Arthur to R.C.Sroul to Charles Stanley to David Jeremiah all agree with this as do I. Thank you Gary for coming here my friend. If you type into the Search box and put in Satan, the Devil or Lucifer, you’ll find articles detailing this. One at:


and another at:



Gary July 30, 2012 at 9:08 am

If it is about lucifer himself than why does his torment in hell end?


gillian November 1, 2012 at 3:18 pm

If the Sabbath commandment was in force before the time of Moses, when was it first given? Genesis 2:1-3.
We find that at the end of the Creation Week, God blessed the seventh and final day of the week and sanctified it—set it apart for holy use. This was the day that God rested from His labors and He commanded mankind to do the same.
Some of the philosophers and theologians of the first century expressed their contempt for God’s Law, while proclaiming that the Sabbath commandment applied only to Jews and not to the rest of mankind. At the outset, God set apart the Sabbath as holy time for all mankind. The Jews—who were descendants of Judah, the son of Jacob—were not born until over 2,000 years later. The Sabbath day was set apart for all humanity in spite of the opinions of worldly theologians who despise God’s Law and look down on Jews because of their association with Sabbath-keeping.
Hebrews 4:4, 9.
Verse 4 is a clear connection in which God rested on the Sabbath at the end of the Creation Week. It mentions the seventh day twice in connection with the Sabbath. In verse 9, we find the correct meaning of “rest”: “There remains therefore a rest to the people of God.” The margin of the Oxford edition of the King James Version gives the correct meaning of the word translated “rest.” Translated from the Greek word Sabbatismos, it means “a keeping of a (the) Sabbath.” This verse, in its given context, should read, “There remains therefore a keeping of the Sabbath for the people of God.” Rather than being done away with, we find that the Sabbath still “remains.”
Matthew 24:20.
Christ’s admonition for His people in the end-time to pray that their flight not take place on the Sabbath was a sure sign that the true Church would be keeping the Sabbath.
Acts 13:14-15, 42-43.
When speaking almost exclusively to the Gentiles, Paul made no mention that the Sabbath was no longer binding or had been changed to Sunday. Rather, they continued to meet on the Sabbath (verse 44).
Isaiah 66:23; Ezekiel 46:1.
In the Millennium, the Sabbath will be universally kept by all mankind. Remain blessed.


Jack Wellman November 1, 2012 at 3:48 pm

Hello Gillian and thank you sir for your comment. Do you attend a Sabbath-keeping church yourself? Just curious. The Scriptures you mention in Hebrews chapter 4 do not have anything to do with assembling as a church. This “rest” is not about a physical day of rest. Read the entire chapter and by the way the book of Hebrews was written to Hebrews not Gentiles.

How was Christ talking to when He said to pray its not the Sabbath when you have to take flight? The Jews. Plus, this was not a command to keep the Sabbath. Where did Jesus ever command the Sabbath in the gospels. In fact He repeated all but the Sabbath commands. Are you saying those who don’t keep the Sabbath are lost?

You wrote, “The Sabbath day was set apart for all humanity in spite of the opinions of worldly theologians.” For ALL humanity? What Scripture is your source. To all Jews, yes, but for “all humanity?”

Do you keep the Sabbath since you want to keep the Mosaic Laws? The Sabbath law says that one may travel on the Sabbath from within the city boundaries and this distance was fixed at 2,000 cubits which is about 2800 feet or about half a mile. Do you travel to church more than half a mile? Then you are supposed to be stoned. Then you also must know that reparation and cooking of is food prohibited. You can’t cook at home because starting a fire is considered labor (Exodus 35:3 Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day). You can’t go out to eat because any employee or person who would serve you (this includes any stranger who would serve you) would be breaking the Sabbath. Exodus 35:3 Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day. Penalty for desecrating the Sabbath is death for these things:


Paul says no one is saved by the works of the Law so you are adding works to your salvation. Dangerous ground my friend.

Finally, you quoted Acts 13:14-15 & 42-43 but WHO went into the Synagouge? Paul & Barnabas and it was to reach the Jews. Context my friend. The entire new church didn’t go with them. Paul’s custom was to go preach to the Jews first…and where would they be? In the Synagogue of course.

Please read “Now after the SABBATH, as the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK began to dawn (the Greek word for dawn means drawing toward and does not refer to the time just before sunrise), Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.” (Matthew 28:1)

“Now on the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK (Sunday), when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight. There were many lamps in the upper room where they were gathered together. ” (Acts 20:7-8)

“Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given orders to the churches of Galatia, so you must do also: On the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK(Sunday) let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come.” (1Corinthians 16:1-2)

This is not the Millennium. You too remain blessed and thank you.


gillian November 2, 2012 at 7:24 am

Thanks for your response, i am a lady by the way Sir. I do attend a Sabbath keeping church.
All other nations of that time {old testament time} were cut off from the knowledge and truth of God because they never kept His true seventh-day Sabbath. Only Israel had this contact with the true God, which was possible by fearing Him and keeping His laws—especially the all-important commandment to keep the Sabbath, which identified them as His people by a special covenant. They were set apart by GOD as an example of how He wanted people to live. Now there is neither Jew nor Gentile.

The ancient and popular doctrine of the Millennium was intimately connected with the second coming of Christ. As the works of the creation had been finished in six days, their duration in their present state, according to a tradition which was attributed to the prophet Elijah, was fixed to six thousand years. By the same analogy, it was inferred that this long period of labor and contention, which was now almost elapsed, would be succeeded by a joyful Sabbath of a thousand years; and that Christ, with the triumphant band of the saints and the elect who had escaped death [by divine protection; Rev. 3:10], or who had been miraculously revived [resurrected from the dead], would reign upon earth till the time appointed for the last and general resurrection.
This same Member of the God Family, who was the Spokesman or Word, was the one who created the Sabbath and set it apart as holy. For this very reason, He referred to Himself as “Lord of the Sabbath” in Mark 2:28 and Luke 6:5. He could have plainly told His followers not to keep the Sabbath but He didn’t.
Christ came as a human being for a number of reasons, including preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God and the teaching and commissioning of the apostles, as He established His Church to continue to the end of the age. He also came for the suffering of death and the offering of his life for the sins of the world after having set the example for those called in this age to follow, including when and how to observe the Sabbath.
ACTS 13:14-15, 42-44 contains an account of Paul and Barnabas teaching Jews on the Sabbath: “But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue ON THE SABBATH DAY, and sat down. And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, You men and brethren, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, say on” (vs. 14-15).
The account picks up in verse 42: “And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them THE NEXT SABBATH.” Why would he not tell them to just show up the next day—Sunday—instead of requiring them to wait an entire week, until the next Sabbath, for further instruction? The account says nothing of Paul telling the Gentiles that they no longer had an obligation to keep the Sabbath—that it had been done away. While one might suppose that the Jews still carried this obligation, why did Paul not at least explain to the Gentiles, in a message about the “grace of God,” that the Law had been nailed to the cross? He could have easily explained that the Sabbath was no longer binding in the New Testament era.
And about Paul saying about the collection of money, it is a specific offering described in Romans 15:25-28: “But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints. For it has pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. It has pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal [physical] things. When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.”
It was done at one specific time—when Paul passed through (“I will come by you into Spain”).
It was given at one specific place (“let everyone of you lay by him in store”). This is because Paul would come later (vs. 3 – “when I come”) to gather what brethren had been saving at home (“lay by him in store”). This was not an offering kept at the church, or given every—or any—Sunday.
This command is specific to the Corinthians (vs. 1). There is no command for Sunday collections here, but merely instruction to local brethren to store an important offering for poor brethren!
This letter was received in Corinth during the Days of Unleavened Bread. “First day of the week” should properly be translated “first of the weeks (plural).” The collection was almost certainly to happen immediately after the Days of Unleavened Bread, in the first week counting toward Pentecost.
Objective people will admit we have seen no evidence—no proof whatsoever—for Sunday-keeping in these eight passages. There is not the slightest suggestion in any of them that Sunday should be kept, or that the Sabbath is done away. Nor does Revelation 1:10, mentioned earlier and referencing “the Lord’s day,” have anything to do with Sunday, as some claim. We saw that it refers to the Day of the Lord, or Day of God’s Wrath, to occur just before Christ’s Return.
Instead, we have seen that Christ, Paul and the New Testament brethren (Jews and Gentiles) all kept the Sabbath. BLESSINGS for obedience, and CURSINGS and CAPTIVITY for disobedience—and polluting it—have been explained.
Christians are to “live…by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God” (Matt. 4:4; Luke 4:4). God’s “mouth” has spoken much about how the Sabbath is holy to Him—“blessed” and “hallowed”—and that it commemorates the creation week of the true God. God calls the Sabbath “My holy day” (Isa. 58:13). Truly, the Sabbath is “the Lord’s day.”
Sorry for the long article. Remain blessed.


David April 1, 2013 at 5:36 pm

Great article! in the transition paragraph before the fifth commandment, you reversed the description of ‘verticle’ and ‘horizontal’ commandments. The description makes sense to me either way. I just wanted to point out you have it different there than in the introduction.

Again, basic inspirational article.

Thank you!


Jack Wellman April 1, 2013 at 9:13 pm

David, you are so right my friend. I missed that. Well done. I will change that. I must have inverted these in the wrong place. Sharp eye..and my apology my friend. May God richly bless you sir and for pointing that out I thank you.


Mark April 14, 2013 at 7:51 pm

Hi Jack. I’m 16 years old and the only believer in my household. I try to respect my parents as best I can, but they hardly ever let me go to church, youth group, or Bible study because they think it is stupid. I hate their rules because they just don’t understand how important these things are to me. I want to move out as soon as I can, because I really do not like living with them. It can be really hard to honor them. What do you think I should do?


Jack Wellman April 14, 2013 at 8:05 pm

Mark, you are a rare young man my friend that is striving to obey God and live with parents who don’t want to honor God. You must still honor them for God never said, “Honor your father and your mother unless they are not Christians…” So God may use you to win them to the Lord by your behavior. Just realize that in 2 short years you will be leaving home and they will not be able to keep you from church but you should pray for God to see them have the need for repentance and putting their trust in Christ. It is hard to honor non-believing parents but Jesus died for us when we surely don’t deserve it…and so just love them, obey them, talk to them respectfully, and by your actions, they might see Christ in you. I heard that there are really 5 gospels. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John…but YOU will be the only gospel that they will read. Make sense. May God richly bless you Mark for you striving to be faithful to Christ even with unbelieving parents.


Helen Villaruel June 18, 2013 at 1:35 am

PRAISE GOD! I am so grateful,that i read your article about the explanation of the Ten Commandments and especially in Mateo 22:37-39 that’s very very true maybe there will be no WAR just like what happen in other country today and also here in the Philippines same bloods same language but there’s no peace at all. I have share an article about “Why did God Give The Law” and have some translation in our cebuano language
Today the church does not preach on the law. The law and the gospel go together. The law is God’s perfection. The law is the standard that all are going to be measured by. It is the perfection and the glory of God. How have we measured up to the glory of the law?
Romans 3:23 says, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
One day a man came to Jesus and said the following.
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? In Matthew 19:16 The Rich and the Kingdom of God
16 Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?
If this man came today and asked the same question from an average Christian what will the Christian say? Of course the modern day average Christian will say, “You want eternal life, that is very easy, just say the sinners prayer and you will be saved.” But Jesus went to the law, and wanted to show his if he had kept all of the law.(Matthew 19:18-22)
What does the law do? It strips the sinner and shows his sins. We become conscious of sin by the Law. In reality we have sinned against God in thought, by our speech, and by actions. Jesus exposed the law and the inability of man to keep the law when he said, “You have heard that it was said to those of old, You shall not commit adultery, But I say to you whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.”
Man sees the result of sin but God sees the cause for sin.
The Law condemned us and showed us to be guilty before the Lord.
When a person breaks the law, he is indebted to the authorities of the law. He needs to pay the price of breaking the law. Our human authorities are finite and the penalty is finite.
But God is infinite and the penalty is
infinite as we have broken the law and the debt we owe
to God is an infinite payment.
We lay powerless to pay the debt
and sinned against the almighty God.
So, please, please I urged everybody to please start read The HOLY BIBLE, from Genesis to Revelation.
Pastor Jack,I forgot where site i got this article through internet and just like what i read now from your site, its so bless that it will add from what i learn from you. Thank you soooooo much and hope you will not stop sharing to us GODLY WORDS, more POWER AND GOD BLESS…..


Jack Wellman June 18, 2013 at 3:14 pm

Wow Helen…what an encourager you are my friend and sister in Christ. I use the Ten Commandments in evangelism for it sleighs the conscience, convicts the soul, slams the gavel on the sinner, and sends them to their need of the Savior for these is no way out of this death penalty. We also have an article that uses the law to convict the lost called “Who Goes to Heaven? Do Good People Go to Heaven?” (of course the answer is no). The article is at:


Also, this is based upon The Way of the Master from Ray Comfort which I use in evangelism and explained it “Hell’s Best Kept Secret” at :


and the devil must hate this!


Ernie September 13, 2013 at 3:43 pm

The 4th commandment, the seventh day, is still binding. While there are many good Christians who goto church on Sunday, they think they are keeping the right day, however they are not getting the full blessing of the seventh day Sabbath. Notice how God put special blessings on the seventh day Sabbath, Saturday.

“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.”

God did not in any wise put that type of blessing on the first day of the week. Want the whole blessings of God? Keep all ten, including the seventh day Sabbath Saturday


Jack Wellman September 13, 2013 at 5:23 pm

God has revealed in His Word much about what we are to do. All of the Bible is written for us but not all of the Bible is written to us. How come Jesus never commanded it anywhere in the New Testament? He covered all of the commandments except the Sabbath when He spoke to the young rich ruler. Notice that God said ““You are to speak to the people of Israel and say, ‘Above all you shall keep my Sabbaths, for this is a sign between me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I, the LORD, sanctify you” (Ex 31:13). Exodus 31:17 says “It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'” Are you Jewish? Am I? Are most Christians? No. Do you follow thru on the command and believe we ought to stone and kill those who don’t observe the Sabbath? That was part of the Sabbath law don’t you know? Is a Christian judged or condemned to hell if they don’t keep the Sabbath?


roger davila October 13, 2016 at 2:35 pm

God in Ephesians 2:11-15 clearly tells us the non Jews that before Jesus death nothing that he promise or gave to the Jews belongs to us the non Jews. Only after the death of Christ we were united to Him by the blood of Jesus. Jesus annulled the Law. The New Testament starts after the death of Christ. Romans 2:14 says Gentiles us do not have the Law because it was only given to the Jews. In Acts the Holy Spirit fell upon Jews and non Jews without any preconditions of keeping the law 10 Commandments. God call the 10 C the ministry of death because it condemns the sinner to die for his sins. There are 613 commandments in the Torah.


Mario G. November 7, 2016 at 11:17 pm

Good point, but you forget Gods covenant with The Children Of Israel. “Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.( It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever;) for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed” (Exodus 31:16–17). Note: It says; (“the children of Israel”) Also a big hint on who Those Israelites were read the whole chapterl of Deuterronomy 28. You should be able to see by the punishment handed out by God and the fact that they were put into slavery and taken to a foreign land by ship, who they were and are. All others that follow Him who are not of the 12 Tribes of Israel are Christians and Gentiles, they are not bound to the Sabbath for God only has a Covenant with the House and Tribes of Israel. Further proof – Jews right now in Isreal are Romans FROM THE KHAZARIAN EMPIRE UNDER KING BULON fROM GEORGIA ( RUSSIAN CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS BETWEEN THE 8th & 9th CENTURIES)- JUDAISM is their religion Revelation 2:9-10 – who were put into Jerusalem by the U.N. in May of 1948 God said when His Children of Israel are brought back to Jerusalem by Him- (THERE WILL FOREVER BE PEACE) instead there’s been nothing but (WARS and RUMOURS of WARS)…….


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