Does the Bible address the issue of divorce? What does it say about marrying after divorce….and is it adultery if you do? Are there exceptions to being able to remarry after a divorce?
Does the Bible Address the Issue of Divorce?
God performed the first marriage ceremony between Adam and Eve, therefore we can say with assurance that God loves marriage and that it is a divine institution (Gen. 2:18-24). God also hates divorce and says so many times in the scriptures (Malachi 2:16). Jesus said the only reason that divorce was permitted was because of the hardness of human’s hearts but this was not done in the beginning (Matt. 19:8). If a husband’s or wife’s mate leave them, then they can not be held responsible for the marriage and Paul apparently believes that they are not bound by the law (I Cor. 7:15).
Clearly, God reveals throughout the Bible that He hates divorce and that husband and wife were intended to marry for life. Divorce is permissible where spousal abuse occurs or where children are endangered by one of the parties. Here is where it is permitted because the higher moral law is to protect children and, in most cases, women from abusing husbands and fathers. It should be noted that some men had to divorce their wives because of spousal abuse too. What the Bible teaches is that divorce is the high exception to the rule and it should always be the very last resort in any marriage. God hates divorce because of what it does to the family which is society’s support system. Divorce is also very harmful to children in almost every case, again with the exception of where abuse is occurring.
What Does The Bible Say About Marrying After Divorce….and is it Adultery If You Do?
Generally speaking the Bible teaches that it is unlawful to marry again after a divorce. Even if a single person who marries a divorced person, it is called adultery (Duet.24:4). Divorcing someone is not considered adultery but Jesus did say in Matthew 5:32 that “… anyone who divorces his wife [or husband I would add], except for sexual immorality, makes her [or him] the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman [or man] commits adultery.” But then again, even looking at another person with lust in their hearts is also considered adultery (Matt 5:28). However it is important to remember that it may be the best course of action where safety for the spouse and their children is concerned, so each case must be looked at in particular and not all divorces and remarriages can be considered in the same way since circumstances may be different.
If you remarry after your spouse has left you, they were unfaithful, or they were abusive, this is an extenuating circumstance and God would not condemn anyone for this. Paul would say that it is better not to remarry, but not everyone can handle this if they are continually tempted sexually (1 Cor. 7:8-9). Others were married and divorced before they became a Christian and after being born-again and so to remarry a Christian is not a mortal sin. Besides, there are no sins that are not covered by the blood of Christ upon professing Him as Lord and Savior. Christians who know other people that are not saved or other Christians who have been divorced and remarry should be forgiving and not judgmental. They may not know all of the circumstances but even if it was not permitted, every one of us have sinned and will continue to sin until the day our Lord comes for us.
Fornication is not the same thing as adultery. Fornication is having sexual relationships between unmarried people and fornication is strictly forbidden by God. Sexual abstinence is commanded before marriage, but after marriage, God wants the husband and wife to enjoy sex because that is the primary reason that He created it.
Are There Exceptions to Being Able to Remarry After a Divorce?
Some of the exceptions have already been mentioned. If a husband or wife is abusive to them and/or their children, or if a mate leaves them, or their mate has been unfaithful in the marital relationship, then they are permitted to divorce. An important point is that even if you become a Christian and are married to a non-believer, you have no excuse to divorce them. The Bible does not teach such a thing and if the unbelieving spouse is willing to remain married to the believer, then by all means no divorce is permitted. In fact, many unbelieving spouses have been brought to Christ through the loving example of Christ in the believing spouse’s life (1 Cor. 7:12-14). God may have placed you with the unbelieving spouse expressly for the purpose of helping them come to Christ in faith. In this case, divorcing from them might have proven tragic.
God does allow for remarriage too in the cases of a spouse’s death but that the person you are marrying must be a Christian (1 Cor. 7:39). Paul would suggest that they would be of better service to God if they remained single, as he was, but some people who have greater sexual drives may not be able to handle this (1 Cor. 7:32-36). Paul’s greatest teachings about marriage, remarriage, and divorce are covered in 1 Corinthians chapter seven. He says that whatever state you were in when you became a believer is the most desirable state to remain in (1 Cor. 7:17-24). Marriage is an honorable thing before God. It is a gift of God. We should esteem it very highly and as a divine institution.
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