Should Christians Donate Their Bodies To Science When They Die?

by Jack Wellman · Print Print · Email Email

Does the Bible give Christians guidance on whether a believer can or should donate their body to science when they die?  What do you think about this controversial subject?

The Body is Sanctified

Once more the Bible is silent on a controversial subject so we must use biblical discernment to make a decision.  This question is whether a believer can or should donate their body to science when they die.  We do know that the pagan nations of old used to burn the body after the person’s death however the history of the early patriarchs and the kings and their wives never burned their bodies after death but always gave them a proper burial.  The Bible doesn’t necessarily prohibit having someone cremated after death but the examples we have are that they are always buried.  This burial is always followed by a time of grief, sometimes for as long as a month.  Having said this, if a Christian dies and their desire or last wish is to be cremated, possibly due to financial considerations, there is no indication that this is sin at all.  In fact, if a family member is cremated due to financial constraints by their desire to not financially burden the family, I see no problem with having this done.   What I am saying is that we should prefer a burial, if practical, but it is not a big issue I believe to God.  Besides, when a person is resurrected, like the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel (Ezk 37), God is fully capable of reconstructing the body to its original state.  Nothing is impossible with God.  Even those who have died many years ago and perhaps even buried at sea (like in times of war), God is able to retrieve and reconstruct the person’s body to the exact way that it was prior to death. 

Donating a Body to Science

Almost every Christian funeral service that I have attended or presided over was where the deceased believer was placed in a coffin and into the ground.  I think if a believer knew that his or her body was going to be dissected, tested, organs extracted, or other things that I don’t want to really mention here they would likely not want that done.  For one thing, consider the family of the one who is deceased.  How would the daughter feel about her mother’s body being used for the purpose of furthering science?  How would a grown son or daughter feel about having their parent and their body parts being used for experimentation just so that we can learn more about the human body?  This is something that I would personally be against for myself and for any of my parents or my wife.  Only if they left this as one of their last wishes before they died would I accept it.  What can science learn from a dead body anyway?  Probably many things, I am sure, but two things that science will never allow us to do; to have a human, physical body last forever and to prevent a person from dying.  I have seen the statistics on death and they are very impressive; one out of every one humans die.   

What do you think about this controversial subject?

What do you think about this controversial subject?

The Temple of God

2 Corinthians 6:19-20 “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.”

Perhaps you have never read these verses and thought that they would apply to donating organs (which I believe is certainly fine even though the Bible is silent on this subject) or donating a body to science but when I read these verses, it made me think that life is precious to God.  I am an organ donor and if one or more of my organs can save someone’s life, I am for it.  God is pleased I believe since God is pro-life, however the human body was never meant to be an experimental organism.  I believe this because I believe in the sanctity of life.   I know the person’s spirit, after they die, doesn’t remain in the body but the body is important to God because it will be reunited with the soul after Christ returns.  Then both body and spirit (or soul) will be joined together and be in either one of two places; in the kingdom of heaven or in the lake of fire.  Either way, everyone will be resurrected again.  Jesus said “Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice  and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment” (John 5:28-29).  This is similar to what Daniel wrote, “Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt” (Dan 12:2). Since the body is the temple of the Holy Spirit of God I believe that we ought to treat even a deceased human body with reverence.   I have read where all of the patriarchs and kings and ancient Israelites had burials and it was because they valued the body because they knew that God is the Author of Life.  Even Jesus was buried and afterwards, as was the Jewish custom, they brought herbs, spices, and ointments to the dead body as a way to honor the deceased person and to show the body respect even though that person was not really present.

Conclusion

Paul wrote to the church at Thessalonica to clear up the confusion as to whether those who had died already before Christ returned would miss the kingdom of heaven.  Paul writes with such passion and tenderness about those who are now asleep, which doesn’t mean sleeping like they’ll wake up again, but their body is dead, even though their spirit or soul lives on:

1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 “But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep, that you may not grieve as others do who have no hope. For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep. For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. Therefore encourage one another with these words.”

How clear this is that those who are now dead (sleep) will be raised to meet the Lord in the air and those who now sleep and are with the Lord will be reunited with their physical bodies and be like Jesus is now (although certainly not in His glory the way He appears).  In fact John writes “we know that when Christ appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is” (1 John 3:2).  Jesus today has a physical body but also is Spirit. He is both God and Man. His humanity and His divinity dwell together (John 1) just as our physical bodies will be joined with our human spirit (or soul) after Jesus’ return.  Today, if you have heard His voice and your heart hasn’t been hardened by rejecting Jesus, you can be saved (2 Cor 6:2) and you can have both a physical and a spirit body and live forever (John 3:16) or both will live in condemnation forever (John 3:18).

Related reading: Do Christians Go Immediately to Heaven After They Die?

Resource – Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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{ 5 comments… read them below or add one }

DocReits August 15, 2014 at 7:35 pm

Great article Pastor Jack,

It is so confusing, IMO, when we attempt to break down how we humans are made in God’s image. I was stumbling over your concluding paragraph putting together your references to God’s Spirit and our human spirit. Do you agree with the following: God is Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Ghost. We humans are made in this image(trinity) of body, soul and spirit.

Our spirit which God gives us returns to God who made it, when we die(Eccle 12:7). Our soul which is our mind, will and emotions(which you call our human spirit in your article), when we die, goes to be with God for those who are saved, or to hell(Gehenna) for those unsaved. Our bodies, when dead, decompose and return to dust, from which Adam was made.

Christ, when resurrected, became the First Born from the dead(Col 1:18). He was different from Lazarus, who was raised from the dead or the widow’s son, in that their resurrected bodies were not glorified and suffered physical death again. Jesus’s body, was glorified in that He could walk through closed doors appearing to the disciples, defy gravity by ascending into heaven and so forth.

Is it your understanding Pastor Jack, that all humans will be resurrected, and receive immortal bodies? The saved will receive physical glorified bodies made up of the physical vestiges of our previous decayed physical bodies, which will be glorified like Jesus’s body. There will be no dualism of a physical and a spiritual body, but one union of the two into a new spiritual body. That is what is meant in scripture as sowing a physical body and changing or raised up a spiritual body(1 Cor 15:44). Physical, but glorified, correct?

The unsaved will also be raised up as immortal, with the vestiges of their physical bodies reuniting with their souls(mind will and emotions, which had been in Gehenna) to appear before the Great White Throne Judgement Seat of God. Their bodies will be spiritual bodies also in that they will live forever, suffering the fire of hell and yet not consumed. Then, and with the wicked angels, once judged, thrown into the Lake of Fire forever(The Second Death, Rev 20:14).

Please correct me where I am wrong and thank you for the interesting article,

DocReits

Reply

Jack Wellman August 15, 2014 at 8:04 pm

I think you put it so well my brother. I do believe, like the rich man and Lazarus, he had a body and was in torment in that place, and was thirsty. No spirit or soul alone could thirst, I wouldn’t think. Also, Daniel 12:2-3 says “And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the sky above; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever.” Luke 12:4-5 has Jesus saying “I tell you, my friends, do not fear those who kill the body, and after that have nothing more that they can do. But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has authority to cast into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him!” insinuating that both body and soul will be cast into hell. If there is no physical body for the lost then how could they suffer torment for the physical body is where all the nerve endings, senses, and capacity to feel with (having a physical brain). I know that after Jesus was resurrected and even though He is still God He could eat and drink and Thomas could touch His physical body after His resurrection but He could also pass thru walls and doors and obviously the closed, sealed tomb where He was laid.

Without physical bodies, the unsaved would not be affected by fiery torment if they were only spirit so yes, you are correct, both the lost and the saved will be resurrected after Christ’s return and have physical bodies. The term eternal destruction does not mean they will cease to exist, as you likely know. Something can be destroyed. My old lawn mower was accidentally run over. It was totally destroyed and had “eternal destruction” yet it still existed in a physical form so I think you are right my friend…both spirit or soul and the body are going to go on into eternity even though God will have to bring those of us who turned to dust back together again, much like the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel 37:1-14 I believe.

Thanks for always keeping me on my toes, spiritually, and digging deep where few dare to go. I cannot correct you Doc…for I truly believe you are spot on brother. I always want to admit mistakes if discovered or I am informed of them, correct where they are made, and humbly accept teaching from anyone, lay, layman, elders, or pastors. It matters not but it does matter that I get it right!

Reply

Patricia Schneider August 16, 2014 at 1:39 pm

Hello, Pastor Jack!
EXCELLENT article with Scriptures!! So was DocReits’ comment! Two of his sentences opened my eyes to comprehending better about the TRINITY of God.
“God is Trinity of Father, Son & Holy Ghost.” (I prefer Holy SPIRIT. LOL!)
And…
“We humans are made in this image (Trinity) of body, mind and spirit.”
Doc’s wording the way he did just popped a light-bulb on in this brain of mine. (Notice, Pastor, I didn’t say ‘dense.’ Hee-Hee!)
THANKS BUNCHES, DocReits!!

What you wrote, Pastor Jack, about the ‘soul’ & the ‘spirit’ meaning the same, is what I always thought, too.
Have a question: You wrote, “…and obviously the closed, sealed tomb where He was laid.” (Referring to how Jesus could walk through walls, etc.)
I always thought Angels opened that huge, stoned ‘door’ of the tomb. In Luke 24:2 “They found the stone rolled away from the tomb,” & in Luke 24:4 “While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightening stood beside them.” (I figured those ‘men’ were Angels.) So, you think Jesus walked through the stone, then the Angels rolled it aside afterwards?

God’s wonderful blessings & His sustaining graces be showered upon you, Pastor Jack, your family, and your ministry!!
Forever your Sis in Christ Jesus ~ Patty

Reply

Jack Wellman August 16, 2014 at 2:26 pm

Thanks Patty…as always, a joy to “hear” from you. Yes, the closed tomb was sealed but I should have been more clear that Jesus didn’t need to have the tomb stone rolled away because death couldn’t hold Him and besides, He could pass through walls, stone, or whatever anyway. The stone was rolled away by the angels so that those disciples, including the women could go in and see that He was risen not that Jesus could get out. Yes, the angels did that and I should have mentioned that. Thanks my friend and I thank God for you as well.

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vijaya bhaskar August 17, 2014 at 4:20 am

Should Christians Donate Their Bodies To Science When They Die? Please

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