10 Famous Christian Martyrs

by David Peach · Print Print · Email Email

Many people have been killed for their faith through the ages. Interestingly, the word we use today to talk about someone who is killed for their beliefs, martyr, is the basic Greek word used in the New Testament which is translated “witness.” Therefore, when Jesus said, “ye shall be witnesses unto me” in Acts 1:8 it had great significance to them. This does not mean that every follower of Christ will be killed for their faith, but because the witness of the early church followers lead to their martyrdom, we use the word today to mean someone who dies for their faith.

Here are 10 famous Christian martyrs or groups of martyrs. Most of them are people from ancient past, but I also wanted to include a couple of recent martyrs to help remind us that people are still sacrificing their lives for the cause of Christ today.

Famous Christian Martyrs

Christians through the centuries have been tenacious in holding to their beliefs


Acts chapters 6 and 7 give us the account of Stephen’s martyrdom. Stephen is considered one of the first Christian martyrs after Christ himself.

Stephen was speaking the truth of Jesus Christ. However, his words offended the listeners. They put together a council that brought false-witness to the things Stephen was saying (Acts 6:11-13). Stephen proclaimed that God’s own people were at fault for suppressing the prophets’ call to righteousness. They even killed the Holy One, Jesus Christ.

Their reaction was to gnash on him with their teeth. They ran Stephen out of the city and stoned him. Yet Stephen patiently accepted the persecution that was given to him. Stephen asked the Lord not to hold them guilty who had stoned him. He essentially repeated Christ’s words on the cross.


Andrew was one of the first disciples of Christ. He was previously a disciple of John (John 1:40). Andrew was the brother of the boisterous Simon Peter. After the biblical record of Andrew’s life, he went on to preach around the Black Sea and was influential in starting several churches. He was the founder of the church in Byzantium or Constantinople.

Tradition says that Andrew was crucified on an X shaped cross on the northern coast of Peloponnese. Early writings state that the cross was actually a Latin cross like the one Jesus was crucified upon. But the traditional story says that Andrew refused to be crucified in the same manner as Christ because he was not worthy.

Simon Peter

Brought to Christ by his brother Andrew, Peter is known as the disciple who spoke often before he thought. After Christ’s death Peter was the fiery preacher prominently seen in the first half of the book of Acts. He founded the church at Antioch and traveled preaching mainly to Jews about Jesus Christ.

Peter was martyred under Nero’s reign. He was killed in Rome around the years 64 to 67. Tradition holds that he was crucified upside down. Like Andrew, his brother, he is said to have refused to be crucified in the same manner as Christ because he was unworthy to be executed in the same way as the Lord.


As with many people in the early centuries, Polycarp’s exact birth and death dates are not known. Even his date of martyrdom is disputed; though it was some time between AD 155 and 167. Polycarp was probably a disciple of the Apostle John who wrote the books of the Gospel of John, the three Epistles of John and the book of Revelation. Polycarp may have been one of the chief people responsible for compiling the New Testament of the Bible that we have today.

Because of his refusal to burn incense to the Roman Emperor he was sentenced to burn at the stake. Tradition says that the flames did not kill him so he was stabbed to death.


Known as “The Morning Star of the Reformation,” John Wycliffe was a 14th century theologian. He is probably best remembered as a translator of scriptures. He believed that the Bible should be available to the people in their common tongue. He translated the Latin Vulgate into common English.

He was persecuted for his stand against Papal authority. While he was not burned at the stake as a martyr, his persecution extended beyond his death. His body was exhumed and burned along with many of his writings. The Anti-Wycliffe Statute of 1401 brought persecution to his followers and specifically addressed the fact that there should not be any translation of Scripture into English.

John Huss

Huss was a Czech priest who was burned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines of the Catholic Church. Particularly he fought against the doctrines of Ecclesiology and the Eucharist as taught by the Roman Catholic Church. He was an early reformer living before the time of Luther and Calvin (other well-known reformers of Roman Catholicism).

Huss was martyred on July 6, 1415. He refused to recant his position of the charges that were brought against him. On the day he died he is said to have stated, “God is my witness that the things charged against me I never preached. In the same truth of the Gospel which I have written, taught, and preached, drawing upon the sayings and positions of the holy doctors, I am ready to die today.”

William Tyndale

Most known for his translation of the Bible into English, William Tyndale was a reformer who stood against many teachings of the Catholic Church and opposed King Henry VIII’s divorce, which was one of the major issues in the Reformation. Tyndale’s English translation of the Bible was the first to draw significantly from the original languages.

Tyndale was choked to death while tied to the stake and then his dead body was burned. The date of commemoration of Tyndale’s martyrdom is October 6, 1536 but he probably died a few weeks earlier than that.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer was executed on April 9, 1945. I hesitated to include Bonhoeffer in this list because he was not martyred strictly for his Christian beliefs. He was executed because of his involvement in the July 20 Plot to kill Adolf Hitler. Bonhoeffer staunchly opposed Hitler’s treatment of the Jews. As a Christian pastor he could not sit idly by and watch the murder of so many men and women.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer was hanged just two weeks before soldiers from the United States liberated the concentration camp in which he was held.

Jim Elliot and Four Missionary Friends

Jim Elliot, along with four of his missionary colleagues was killed on January 8, 1956 while trying to establish contact with the Auca Indians in Ecuador (now known as the Waodani people). Jim Elliot, Nate Saint, Ed McCully, Pete Flemming and Roger Youderian had been working to make friendly contact with the Auca tribe which they had seen from the air. Though they had only met one tribesman face to face, they had participated in trades with the Auca from a plane to ground system. When Elliot and his friends landed on a river beach on that fateful January day they were slaughtered by the waiting men.

Their deaths were not in vain though. The widows continued to try and make peaceful contact and eventually won the hearts of the tribe. God has used this recent missionary martyr story to inspire new generations of missionaries willing to give their lives for what they believe.

Nag Hammadi Massacre

On the night of January 7, 2010 a group of eight Egyptian Christians were killed as they left their church after celebrating a Christmas mass in Nag Hammadi, Egypt. The motive behind the massacre is disputed, but it was carried out by militant Islamic believers. It may have been done in retaliation for an alleged crime against a Muslim girl by a Christian man. Even if that was the reason, the retaliation was not targeted at the man who committed the crime but at Christians because of their association through religion.

This type of martyrdom happens in many parts of the world today. There are still wars being fought on small and large scales because Christians hold strongly to their beliefs. The Christians are not the aggressors in most cases. They are being targeted because of their religion.

Christian Martyrdom

It is heartbreaking to see anyone killed for any reason. However, Christians through the centuries have been tenacious in holding to their beliefs. While 10 martyrs or groups of martyrs were mentioned here, there are many more you can read about. One great book to get you started on your study of Christian martyrs is the classic book, Foxe’s Book of Martyrs.

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{ 41 comments… read them below or add one }

Frank Viola June 9, 2012 at 7:36 am

Excellent post and resource. Thanks for compiling it.


Kandie July 9, 2012 at 10:44 am

Why not include the young American girl that was shot on American soil at Columbine for answering the question of sorts are you a Christian with, “Yes, I believe…” before she was gunned down by a fellow student in a public high school?


Pamela Rose Williams July 9, 2012 at 12:47 pm

Hi Kandie, I say your comment and just have to agree with you; she was a modern day martyr indeed. Thank you for your comment, very thought-provoking!


Drake Winton Travis December 28, 2019 at 12:59 am

are you talking about Rachel Scott?


David Peach July 9, 2012 at 1:01 pm

Why not? Because I didn’t think about her. I could have picked from dozens of people and chose these 10 people (or groups) when I wrote the article.

You are certainly welcome to summarize the story for us in a comment here. I am sure many would be interested in reading about what happened that day in 1999.

Thanks for your comment.


anon July 12, 2012 at 12:00 am

I think you should include Saint Sebastian. I am surprised he wasn’t already on the list, he is one of the most famous martyrs in Christian history.


David Peach July 13, 2012 at 1:51 pm

Anon, You are certainly welcome to write a little information about him for us. I was given the task of including 10. There are hundreds I could have chosen, but these stood out to me.

Thanks for your comment.


Christine December 24, 2012 at 9:13 am

There was a Christian martyr who is now buried in a crypt at the back of the chapel in The Tower of London. What wat his name? I think his surname was ‘More’ – could it have been ‘Thomas More’?
Thank you.


Marius Ion January 22, 2013 at 8:11 am

It is not possible for Dietrich Bonhoeffer to have been executed in June of 1945 when Adolf Hitler died at the end of April 1945, and the war ended a few days later. Bonhoeffer was actually killed in April of 1945, just shortly before Hitler’s death.


Victory March 3, 2013 at 9:20 am

I really wish to go everywhere preaching the gospel. Please, I which to go internationally preaching. If possible let me life on it too. For there are many that still need to be saved. What can I do? I am already a local preacher but I am not satisfy, for each time I read about this people, I see a reason to go further.


Gerardo Jaime March 31, 2013 at 8:50 am

Watchman née was also a martyr for Christ and his teachings with the help of Witness Lee and his Recovery Bible have grown all over the world.


Dimitrio April 2, 2013 at 11:21 pm

Heretics that leads souls away from the blessed sacrament of communion to churches started by mere men are not martyrs.

Mathew 16:18-19
And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the hell shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

John 6:53-56
Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him.


kedir April 23, 2013 at 8:54 am

Life of children of God is this


Ethakota Srinivasa Rao June 9, 2013 at 2:04 pm

I hopt it is useful for my spiritual life


William August 12, 2013 at 1:42 pm

Thank you David Peach for sharing with us the stories of those who died for Christ’s sake. I am a 16 year old Christian, and the more I learn the more I am interested in the history of Christians. I love what you are doing but I would recommend that you point out the victory in all the death’s of the Christians (them getting to see God and enjoy his presents) in the story’s that you tell. I am reading a book called the Book of Martyr’s by John Foxe. in the Book of Martyr’s at the end of almost every story Foxe point’s out that it is a blessing to die for Christ’s sake and that almost all of the martyr’s would not take back what they believe about Jesus Christ that he is God’s son and that they would gladly suffer more for His sake.

And by the way, the Book of Martyr’s has not only led me to not fear death on earth, but to share God’s word to those that don’t believe and that it would be an honer to die for Christ’s sake

Again, thank you for this website and I thank God for all he does in you. – William Sprinkle


Rachel January 13, 2016 at 10:22 am

I love this post and i’m greatly moved, i believe, each of those who suffered and killed violently for the love of christ, they died for what they believed, they were able to get gospel across to where the holy spirit sent them, they have fufffiled their mandates, but you i are left to do ours. I pray that the holy spirit will strenghten us to also fuffil our mandate on earth in jesus name (amen)….. Be prepared


Kimberly January 15, 2016 at 2:14 pm

Thank you! I am quoting and citing you on a blog post to be published soon. If you are not okay with this, please let me know promptly!

Read the latest at: peculiaronpurpose.blogspot.com!


Jack Wellman January 15, 2016 at 4:48 pm

Sounds fine Kimberly. Thank you for asking.


Josh September 16, 2016 at 9:23 am

Jesus is using a metaphor. We don’t literally have pieces of his body and his blood. He is talking about sharing the gospel, not killing each other because we must eat bread and drink wine in church


Leon July 16, 2019 at 6:32 pm

Jesus, Emanuel, meaning God with us, is saying we must consume, reverence, His Word, which is Jesus, Emanuel, the Holy Spirit. The living word. Faith comes by hearing. Also by living it out. Meditating night and day holding it in our hearts and mind. We are as we think. As we think we do. And we must obey the Word. Sounds impossible. And without Faith it is impossible to please God. But it is worth getting faith because a little faith pleases God. AS He taught us in the case of the Centurion, who Jesus said had the greatest faith around. And the Canaanite woman, translated in the Living Bible as saying Jesus was amazed. Can I live a great life… maybe, can’t say till its over. Can I discover how His Faith works… and use it to help others? Can I be like Him? Taking Faith with me… and spreading the good news. I’ve already begun. But I can’t do anything unless I say it and have already done it by faith.


veronica October 7, 2016 at 4:57 am

Its not actually proven that the one who died was the one who actually said it. Witnesses who survived the ordeal have a different story to tell, but media wanted to make a big heroic scene for money. The more that people search for their story or watch their news broadcast means the more money in their pockets. But for this purpose i do suggest you find the truth out for yourself by doing google search on eye witness accounts of that particular incident.


Pastor Kevin Lauer September 23, 2019 at 6:30 pm

Actually, it HAS been substantiated that Rachel Scott was executed at Columbine High School after refusing to recant her faith. The one that is contested is Cassie Bernall.


lawrence April 11, 2017 at 6:22 am

They were notable warriors and contenders of faith. They were known in heaven but what about you and I


Janet August 12, 2017 at 12:18 am

My dear friend this is not the way of the gospel by calling someone a heretic. Christ our blessed Saviour never condemned someone in such a way. He did however speak very harsh words to the Pharisees because they were legalistic in their approach to faith. There was no grace and love in their hearts. They were caught in a system very much the same as our catholic friends. They made it difficult to have a loving personal relationship with God the Father. There was ultimately an issue with fear control and a self righteous spirit. The only way to true salvation a right relationship with God is through the finished work of Christ on the cross.
I was a catholic for many years but found it so difficult to connect with the Lord because I thought these man made sacraments were supposedly make me closer to Him. But I found myself striving and very critical towards others who weren’t doing or receiving theses sacrements. I say this in love. You need to study the scriptures more closely to see what Jesus actually was saying to Peter. It was based on the confession of his faith that Christ would build his church. If Peter were alive today he would be so saddened to see how this statement has been misinterpreted. When you surrender your life to Him He will fill you with His Holy Spirit and make you new. The divine exchange has been done through Christ alone. Your whole life and perspective has powerfully been transformed. Christs atonement has been completed for you. He has redeemed you as you confess your sins and admit your need of Him. Taking the sacrements is not necessary as now he lives in you. He said in the Old Testament He will give us a heart of flesh for a heart of stone. Please check your heart my friend for there is violence there. Bless you .


Felix Hu December 12, 2017 at 3:57 am

Beautiful words . Thank You and GOD BLESS your works and Family and Friends


samuel gombe December 3, 2018 at 11:30 am

kabaka mutesa burned alive christian converts and expelled missionaries from uganda in 1896,president idi amin murdered bishop janani luwum in 1970s in Uganda,father kaiser was murdered in kenya during Moi rule,Fastforward 2017 a catholic bishop was murdered in Kenya,following his open condemnation of the government killing opposition supporters arbitrarily..the list of martrys grows by the day…many go unreported


Jack Wellman December 3, 2018 at 12:10 pm

You are so right Samuel. The best of this is that they are now with the Lord. Any martyr is present with CHrist, but yes sir, the numbers are growing and many unreported. God bless you sir for your comment. Thank you.


samuel gombe December 3, 2018 at 11:34 am

kabaka mutesa burned alive christian converts and expelled missionaries from uganda in 1896,president idi amin murdered bishop janani luwum in 1970s in Uganda,father kaiser was murdered in kenya during Moi rule,Fastforward 2017 a catholic bishop was murdered in Kenya,following his open condemnation of the government killing opposition supporters arbitrarily..the list of martrys grows by the day…many go unreported..Bishop Muge of Anglican diocese also murdered in 1990


andrew April 15, 2019 at 11:56 pm

how fortunate for me to know this site.. it gives great insight in serving our Lord and King for the reward is eternal for giving up on mortal life through persistence in spreading the Love and Goodness of the Lord our Savior to the unsaved

God continue to Bless You


Michele November 5, 2019 at 8:26 am

Also there were the Mennonites (Anabaptists “rebaptizers”) It was a crime to “re”baptize someone -upon profession of faith- who had been infant “baptized”. People were martyred for this. It shows us the importance of our sacraments. Mennonites left the Netherlands and other European countries. One of the reasons the U.S. has had a strong Mennonite/Amish population. Both sacraments are pictures of us dying to self.


Jack Wellman November 5, 2019 at 8:34 am

Hello and thank you Michele. Appreciate the added learning.


John January 13, 2020 at 10:24 pm

Since you’ve included people from 2010, I was wondering why Graham Staines, the missionary to India, who was burnt along with his sons by a Hindu mob in 1999 was not included.

Staines and his two sons Philip and Timothy were burnt to death January 22, 1999, while they were sleeping in their station wagon in front of a church at Manoharpur village in Keonjhar.



Justin Tuggle January 19, 2020 at 8:02 am

Please check your dates on Bonhoeffer. Some year and month dates are incorrect.


Jack Wellman January 19, 2020 at 11:25 am

Hello Mr. Tuggle. The historical records indicate that Dietrich Bonhoeffer was arrested in April 1943 by the Gestapo and imprisoned at Tegel prison for one and a half years. Later, he was transferred to Flossenbürg concentration camp.

After being accused of being associated with the July 20 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, he was quickly tried, along with other accused plotters, including former members of the Abwehr (the German Military Intelligence Office), and then hanged on 9 April 1945 as the Nazi regime was collapsing. It was 21 days later that Adolf Hitler committed suicide, so both the year (1949) and the month (April) and date (9th) are correct. We did correct the month from July to April, but that was the only error, which has now been corrected. Thank you for letting us know about having the wrong month.


Justin Tuggle January 19, 2020 at 5:01 pm

I am sorry about the year comment. It was the way I read the order with the month reference.

I enjoyed your referenced materials.


Jack Wellman January 19, 2020 at 7:41 pm

It’s fine sir. I am glad that we finally got it right. Thank you for that.


J.D Kumar February 22, 2020 at 9:09 am

Graham Stuart Staines (1941 – 23 January 1999) the Australian Christian missionary, who along with his two sons, Philip (aged 10) and Timothy (aged 6), were burnt to death by Hindu fundamentalist group named Bajrang Dal while sleeping in their station wagon in the village of Manoharpur-Keonjhar, a district of Odisha in India, on 23 January 1999.sons and was sentenced to life in prison


Luther May 4, 2020 at 5:48 pm

Thank you for that work.


Ernest DeBrew July 4, 2020 at 10:38 am

After watching the television series “A.D. The Bible Continues”, I fully understand why many people in different times were/are willing to give up their lives for the Lord Jesus Christ. Those who are still alive may constantly be mistreated, ridiculed, abused, etc. Plus, we have this ongoing corona-virus plus other terrible issues occurring. I am so thankful to God that He is in complete control and that He will put an end to sin and this corrupt world.


Jack Wellman July 4, 2020 at 12:54 pm

Hello Mr. DeBrew. Amen to what you wrote sir. You are spot on. God can even use evil for good (Gen 50:20; John 3:16).


Areh Samuel O. February 3, 2021 at 5:29 am

It was a great gain to die in Christ than to leave with out making an impact in Christendom.


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