Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

by Robert Driskell · Print Print · Email Email

For most Christians, the Bible is the authoritative Word of God — period.  We need no convincing, other than the Holy Spirit’s witness within our souls, to confirm the truthfulness and authority of the Bible.  However, non-believers do not view the Bible as God’s Holy Word, nor do they believe that it is authoritative.  So, what kind of arguments, or evidence, could the Christian present to them, using common sense and logic, that might break down the barriers they hold against the Bible?

Now, I fully believe that the Holy Spirit is at work in this day and age to, “convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment…”  (John 16:8 ESV).  However, I also know that there are many who have erected intellectual barriers that render them unable to even consider the reality of God’s Word.  These barriers keep them from seriously considering, much less acting upon, the Truths revealed in the Bible.  The Cosmological Argument is one defense of the reality of God that can break down many of the barriers keeping lost men and women from knowing the Savior.

Basic Argument

The Cosmological argument attempts to show that the universe could not have created itself, nor sustain itself, but must have been caused, and is currently sustained, by some agent that was neither part of the universe nor was itself caused.  The argument is basically designed to refute the secular atheistic idea that the universe is eternal, that it had no beginning but has always existed, and therefore needs no Creator.

Basic premise: Every effect has a cause

… the Big Bang came into existence; therefore, it must have a cause.

The principle of causation says that everything that begins to exist must have a cause.  The universe began to exist at some point, it exists now, and we exist within its boundaries.  Since the universe exists, it must have had a cause.  Something caused it to come into existence.  This something had to be greater than the universe, and outside of the universe.

Now, an atheist might claim that the Big Bang, or something like it, caused the universe to come into existence.  Even if that were so, the Big Bang came into existence; therefore, it must have a cause.  If we work backwards from an effect to its cause, and from that effect to its cause, we would eventually wind up at a first cause, or an uncaused cause.

The first, or uncaused, cause

This first cause would have to have several characteristics.

  • First, it would rely on nothing for its existence.  If it needed anything else, it would be an effect instead of a cause.
  • Secondly, it would be powerful enough to create the something from nothing. Obviously, if it alone existed, anything it made would have to be created from nothing.
  • Thirdly, it would also have to be intelligent and have the will, the desire, to create…or to not create.
  • Fourth, this cause would have to exist outside of the universe it would create.

These characteristics only make sense when applied to a powerful, sentient, being that exists outside of the universe, with the will and ability to create.  These are the characteristics of God; which are revealed beginning in the book of Genesis and extending throughout the entire Bible.

The historical development of the Cosmological argument for God

The Cosmological argument began with Adam and Eve.  They clearly believed God created the universe and that He sustains it every day.  However, we will look at a couple of more recent people who have formulated the clearest examples of the Cosmological argument.

Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274), in the 13th century, offered a clear and logical presentation of the cosmological argument.  He said that everything that comes into existence owes its existence to something else.  Nothing brings itself into existence or causes itself (Holman, p. 36).  Once again, if we trace backward from the effect to cause, effect to cause, and so on, we will arrive at the uncaused first cause.  As we have seen, Christians believe this is God.

G. F. W. von Leibniz (1646-1716) modified Aquinas’ argument by addressing the idea that there must be, along with a sufficient cause, a sufficient reason for the existence of the universe.  Leibniz sought to answer the question of ‘why’ there was a universe.  The universe does not necessarily have to be, therefore, something or someone wanted it to be.  He posited that things that are caused do not happen without a reason.  He said that, just as everything that is caused had a prior cause, everything that exists had a prior reason for existing, and that reason must be, “…outside of and prior to its existence.  And just as there can be no infinite chain of causes, there can be no infinite chain of reasons.  Thus, the universe cannot provide a sufficient explanation for its own existence or state of affairs.  The only sufficient reason must be found outside of the universe in a being whose existence is “self-explanatory…(and) logically necessary.”  And this being is who we call God” (Holman, p. 37).

Conclusion

The two truths that the Cosmological argument attempts to convince the unbeliever to acknowledge are: (1) something, or someone, caused the universe to come into existence, and (2) something, or someone, is keeping the universe existing right now.

If we can get the skeptic to consider these two points as true, or at least possible, we have removed barriers that provide the unbeliever with reasons (excuses) for rejecting the possibility of the existence of God.  When these excuses no longer exist, the unbeliever has no grounds, or at least fewer grounds, for fighting the Holy Spirit’s calling.

Not only that, but once a skeptic acknowledges that there must be a force that created the universe, and even now sustains it, we can give biblical evidence for exactly Who that Creator/Sustainer is.  Genesis 1:1 tells us that, “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” (ESV, cf. Job 38:4-7; Psalm 33:6, 136:5; Isaiah 42:5, 45:18; John 1:1-13; Acts 14:15, 17:24; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:10, 11:3; Revelation 4:11).

The Bible also is clear that God is sustaining everything in the universe…right now.  While extolling the glory of Jesus, the apostle Paul says this about Him, “And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:17 ESV).  Again, in Hebrews 1:3, Paul says this about Jesus, “He…upholds the universe by the word of his power” (ESV).

The Cosmological argument is a tool to be used for the glory of God and the furtherance of His Kingdom.  While nothing replaces or overshadows the power of the Holy Spirit in evangelism, a good argument in the hands of a committed follower of Jesus can be a powerful witness to an unbelieving world.

Resources

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version

“Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV)

Geisler, Norman.  Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics.  Baker Academic, 1999.

Powell, Doug.  Holman Guide to Christian Apologetics.  Holman Reference, 2006.

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{ 36 comments… read them below or add one }

Barry Lewis November 24, 2012 at 8:33 am

Robert, this was a very informative and interesting article. I had not heard of this argument before. I’ve traveled down these trains of thought myself, not as distinctly, but trying to figure out what the beginning would look like.

I, like most I’m sure, am still stuck on that. My problem looks something like this. If there was no universe, but only God, what was the point (reason). Also, doesn’t God need a cause, or a beginning too?

I have a hard time with the concept of eternity, always was always will be, for ever.

I need to point out, that I’ve gotten beyond these issues and am a firm believer in God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit and try to walk the Christian path the best I can each day. However, I mostly try not to think about all of this, as it raises doubts. The only thing that overcomes these doubts is faith and experience as a Christian. I know God exists, He’s helped me far to many times for me to doubt His existence anymore.

My personal testimony seems to get me more progress with an unbeliever than arguing the beginnings of the universe.

Having said that, I am still really happy that you wrote this article and that I read it. It does give me ammunition when the conversation inevitable turns to “how did it all begin?”

Thank You!

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Robert November 25, 2012 at 11:47 am

Barry,
Thank you for reading and commenting. This argument is not the best argument in all circumstances, by any means. It is but one line of thinking among many, and should be use when and where the Holy Spirit leads. A believer’s personal testimony is a very powerful way of witnessing. The believer knows that story intimately and passionately. I would never advise using the Cosmological argument with everyone, it simply is not appropriate for every discussion concerning God. However, it seems to be very powerful with those unbelievers who consider themselves deep thinkers. It can be a great way to open a door to deeper, Bible-based, conversations. God bless you, brother.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Steven November 25, 2012 at 10:09 pm

Barry,
The answer to your question lies in Exodus 3:14 Where God says “Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh.” or loosely translated as “I am that I am.” or “I will be who I will be.”

And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall you say unto the children of Israel, I AM has sent me unto you.

I really can’t explain it well, but when you dig into God’s answer to Moses it becomes clear.

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Barry Lewis November 26, 2012 at 7:36 pm

Excellent point Steven! I totally get and appreciate the biblical statement of God. My problem is simply this; Everything needs a beginning. (perhaps that premiss itself if wrong). But there had to be something there for the beginning to start from. I understand that God says that he always was and will always be, and I simply have to take Him at His word, because there is nothing else that works. And that He and Jesus (the Word) spoke the universe into being. It is no more simple or complicated than that. How many times have we been warned in the bible to watch what comes out of our mouths. I believe that there is true power in the spoken word. I’m convinced…I feel sorry for the atheists.

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Derek Hill November 24, 2012 at 10:00 am

This was very well written Robert. You just brought me back to my “world views” class I had in Christian college. Were you one of my professors? LOL! It is hard to get past the fact that God has always been, when we base our lives off of time. Every part of each day is based on time. (breakfast-morning, lunch-afternoon, dinner-evening ect…) I will never question God’s eternal presence, but I have had a hard time with this topic on occasion when talking with others. Thank you for a great way to provide an answer. God bless you brother!

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Robert November 25, 2012 at 11:49 am

Thank you Derek,
I’ve never been a professor (except in my own mind, but that’s another story…ha…ha). Thank you for your encouraging words. I agree with you, it is difficult (if not impossible) for we who are limited by time to truly conceive of eternity…but then again, we don’t have to. I know that you know that we must trust God in so many things we do not understand. But we can rest assured that that is trust well-placed. God bless you, Derek.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Jack Wellman November 24, 2012 at 10:23 am

This is such a well written and logical article that there seems no way to argue against it. As you said, the Big Bang might help explain the mechanism but it doesn’t explain the cause as you so rightly point out. Knowing you as I do, I know that apologetic’s is one of your strong suits, among many others and this exemplary piece is no exception Robert. Thank you.

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:07 am

Thank you kindly, Jack.
The Cosmological argument is another tool in the tool belt of the Christian to help cause the unbeliever to think about the universe in a different way. As you know, nothing trumps the Holy Spirit’s convincing and convicting power in evangelism. God bless you, brother.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Josh November 24, 2012 at 10:50 am

Great work on this one Robert! This made me better prepared to discuss this with others.

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:08 am

Thank you, Josh,
The argument is certainly an interesting one, isn’t it. It took me a while to really get my mind around it…but, while it may not be proof, it certainly is strong reasonable evidence.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Pamela Rose Williams November 24, 2012 at 12:27 pm

Robert, great job on this article. When I first read through it I saw a lot of the way I argue “for” the existence of God. I really did not know it had a name, especially “cosmological”. Thank you for helping us to add to our tools as we defend our Almighty God and Father. Well done brother!

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:10 am

Thank you, Pamela.
Now you have a name to put with it…ha…ha. This can be a powerful tool in the hands of a believer submitted to the Holy Spirit.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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John Lemmon November 24, 2012 at 4:05 pm

Hi Robert,
An excellent article which even though you have not tried to back with scripture, for obvious reasons, is fully supported in scripture.
I have often considered the scripture in Heb 11:3 as being a discussion of atomic theory & it sits well with your discussion also. “By faith we understand that the world was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was made out of things which do not appear.” Likewise in Romans 4:17 where Paul says of God he, “…calls into existence the things that do not exist.”
There is too much evidence in the physical/scientific world to deny the truth of God’s Creation, and yet deny it they will.
Thank you for this excellent article which we can all use when speaking with non-believers.
God bless,
John

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:12 am

Thank you, John,
I, and the Scriptures, agree. There is ample evidence all around us for the existence of God (Romans 1). However, many still choose to ignore and/or reject it. That should motivate us all the more. God bless you, John.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Adam Louw November 24, 2012 at 8:54 pm

The only issue is the case of proof not to be confused with evidence. I have read what you say but you are preaching to the converted. I debate atheists on a regular basis and as one of the commentators pointed out God would need a beginning point too. Recently, it has come to light that the eternal universe would need a beginning and yes we can say that it is God, but what caused God? Do we have proof of God? Can science measure God or even God’s hand in creation? If we could would we not have already measured God, but would that mean that God would be an idol and science though already in most skeptics’ minds would be god? I am reminded of Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s rather troubling statement, “a god that let us reveal him would be an idol” (paraphrase).

So should we really look at science as we do expecting that it would prove God working in nature and therefore would be undeniable evidence that God exists. Would God do that though, force us to face him or will he draw us towards him. As you seem to imply and I agree that God is definitely, the ultimate cause and that our explanations are merely mechanisms that describe how we think God created everything.

I do not think that a couple of bronze aged peasants sitting around the fire understood the mysteries of the universe mainly because science is modern and is pretty recent. I like the Native American approach to beginning creation narratives (of which there are many), “I do not know if it happened this way, but I know it to be true.”

Doubting and faith go hand in hand believe it or not. How else would we move from faith to faith? I do not define faith as believing or as certainty, I think the only way we are going to convince people of God’s existence is by taking Jesus’ teachings seriously and following him not Paul.

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Jack Wellman November 24, 2012 at 9:58 pm

Adam, as not being the author of this aritcle, please allow me to intrude if I may. If you like the Native American approach to creation then who or what is the cause of the creation? You then said, “I do not know if it happened this way, but I know it to be true.” If they are you don’t know if it happened this way, how can you say it is true? That seems to me a bit confusing.

If God were created, then something greater than the thing created must have existed beforehand. A created thing is always lesser than that which was created. What human mind can comprehend a self-existing God that has always been and will always be? Our finite minds can not wrap itself around this. That is why He is God and we are not. A God that we can know completely would cease to be God and God can not be put into a box. Just as a painting did not create itself, so a universe could not create itself because if it did, then there would have been something or someone before that to create it. A self-created universe flies in the face of the laws of logic and physics. A painting demands a painter just as a creation demands a Creator.

What one thing in the universe did not have a cause? Everything known in the physical universe has a beginning and so everything known in the universe will have an end. A cause greater than itself had to exist prior to the universe’s existence and seeing the enormous size of the universe, the titanic amounts of energy being used and that is available and the perfect order of the universe, there must be intelligence behind the cause. It is not so much Robert using science but Scripture and logic.

I also do not believe that the author is saying that we should follow Paul over Christ. Paul was taught personally by Christ though and all Scripture is God-breathed.

I am so glad that you engaging with atheists about the existence of God. I know that a God that we could explain would not be infinite but finite. Which forums do you discuss the existence of God with atheists sir?

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Adam Louw November 26, 2012 at 1:33 am

First of all when I said I liked the Native American Indian approach to creation I was referring to approaching Genesis from that perspective. When I was younger I used to think, “I wonder how God actually did it,” after reading the two creation myths in Genesis. I apologise if that was not pointed out.

The first cause argument seems to be a vestige from Newtonian/Cartesian physics, saying that God created the world does not necessarily work because then we have to prove God exists and you cannot prove God’s existence through science. For instance, if anything fine tuning is evidence for God, but is not proof of God. We cannot say here God is standing. We cannot show God standing here, now can we? We can say that these things may imply a Creator at best.

Quantum Physics is with us along with it’s uncertainty. For instance a simple description of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle or often called descriptively, ‘the principle of indeterminacy’, would go something like this: the momentum and the position of a particle cannot be measured at the same time with high precision. The Quantum world has turned what we know about nature upside down.

One day a young atheist walks into Isaac Newton’s lab and he sees a model of the solar system and asks, “Who made this?”, and Isaac replies, “No one,” (Not particularly sure if this is accurate, but I am recalling this from memory).

The universe does not have a ‘Made by God’ label on it.

Some scientists say that what lead up to the Big Bang was a Quantum field (which is how they define nothing) of sorts not too sure of the details, now it would be right to say what came before that, because a quantum is still something.

So the question that we need to look at is how does God work in the cosmos? Some say God probably works through upper levels such as Chaos theory and others say that God may work through the Quantum world. Both have an indeterminacy. Others say that God may possibly work through both to accomplish his purposes. If he does, we cannot measure him doing that. There are other ideas as well of course.

I hope that this continues the debate and that I have answered your comment satisfactorily as much as I can.

I normally debate atheists on the Amazon.co.uk religious forums.

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:38 am

Hi Adam,
I failed to address something you brought up in your last comment: you spoke about the eternal universe and God needing a beginning. Is this science that you are quoting? Who says there is an ‘eternal universe’? Why would God, being God, need a beginning? God is not limited by our ideas of what He should be or what He is able to do, is He?
The only reason we do not see the “Made by God” imprint on the universe is because we choose not to. We would rather think that everything just happened by itself. That way, we do not owe allegiance, honor, or worship to anyone but ourselves. But this is not the case, the Bible says that God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1). Romans 1 tells us that we all know this, all of us. Quantum physics is a even creation of God. Science does not define God, but rather, God defines everything. When our minds, and our ability to reason, is not submitted to God and His will, we will constantly be coming up with ideas and theories that do not line up with the Truth.
Do we really believe that science is going to give us all the answers to everything? And if it doesn’t, does that mean that we do not believe anything but what science tells us to believe? Remember, science is not God. Science is not infallible. Our faith should be fully in God…and our world should be viewed through the lens of the Bible.
God bless you, Adam.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Robert November 26, 2012 at 7:24 am

Hello Adam,
Thank you for reading and commenting. I have not put forth the Cosmological Argument as proof, but as evidence. It is not my view that we should look to science to prove the existence of God…that would make science the authority over the Bible. That is unacceptable to me.
The Bible says that everyone already knows God exists (Romans 1), the Cosmological Argument is simply (or not so simply) meant to get unbelievers thinking about His existence.
In some of your comments you seem to suggest that one cannot believe in God unless science can prove His existence. I may be misunderstanding you, please correct me if I am. So, should one not believe in justice, love, honor, etc. because science cannot view these things under a microscope? Hardly. There are many things (including reason, logic, and mathematics) that cannot be seen (only the results of applying them can be seen), nevertheless, we still trust them. Why do people not trust God even though they have ample evidence of His existence and goodness? It is because they choose not to. It always comes down to choice.
The full definition of ‘faith’ contains the idea that we put our trust in something (in this case, God), it is not that we simply ‘belief against all evidence’. Also, you create a false dichotomy when you pit Jesus’ teachings against Paul’s…they do not contradict, only complement, each other’s teachings. Do you not believe in the infallibility of the Word? Just curious.
Anyway, thanks again…great discussion. May God richly bless you, Adam.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Dean November 28, 2012 at 11:08 am

Great read! I feel this topic is a great way to at least get a non-believer to consider the fact that our Earth/Universe wasn’t the result of an accident but was created by a divine power. As a brother in Christ once told me, It takes more faith to believe in the Theory of Evolution than Creation.
God Bless

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Ryan November 29, 2012 at 9:46 am

Robert,
I asked a similar question to another author on this site but just wanted to get your take as well.

The cosmological argument is great. I do believe there is intelligent design to the universe. But, how does the existence of a creator make the christian god the ‘one true god’?

Or, is the bible a one sided view on the creator of the universe with some stories weaved throughout? In other words, when my children draw things in nature, there is a likeness but it doesn’t capture the full essence of the scene we are at. And sometimes, they draw illogical characters into the scene. Like a lake monster…creative…possible…but not true.

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Robert November 29, 2012 at 11:06 am

Ryan,
I think this is a question of biblical authority, does one believe the Bible or not? If one does, then it is authoritative for that person. If one does not believe the Bible, then one believes himself or herself to be free to trust in something (or someone) else as his or her source of authority. I believe the Bible for many different reasons: people’s lives changed, archaeological evidence, the witness of the Holy Spirit with my spirit, the record of the Bible makes sense out of everything I know about the universe.
You ask, “…is the bible a one sided view on the creator of the universe with some stories weaved throughout?” The Bible claims to be the record of the Creator and His dealings with humanity. By this very definition, it is one-sided. It does not say that it a record of one of the many gods out there. It claims to be the record of the one true God. So, we are back at whether or not we accept the Bible as true and authoritative or not, and each person must make that decision (or ignore it completely…however, in doing so, one has also made a decision). Hope this sheds some light, Ryan, and didn’t muddy up the water instead. God bless you.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Ryan November 29, 2012 at 11:26 am

Ok. Yeah, that is actually pretty clear. What I hear you saying is that for people like me that believe in an intelligent creator, but not christian, accepting that the bible is an authoritative text, spirited by god himself, is the first ‘test of faith’ if you will.

That’s a big chasm for. There seems to be so many anthropomorphic and instinctive moral layers weaved throughout the text that it is way to easy to be skeptical. Also, I feel like my study of science and nature paint a picture a BIG creator, but the bible looks like a petty (legalistic?) or small god, mythological almost…

At any rate, thanks for your response. Any advice on what rock to overturn next?

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Robert November 29, 2012 at 11:44 am

Hi Ryan,
Just so there is not misunderstanding here, let me clarify exactly what I do mean. The God of the Bible is the Creator of everything, humanity rebelled against Him in disobedience, this rebellion is sin and needs a cure, God provided that cure in the form of His Son, Jesus Christ, who died on a cross so that our sin can be forgiven and we can resume a relationship with God. If we reject God’s Son, we remain in our sin and are separated from Him in this life and the next. One cannot have a relationship with God (except that of an enemy) if one rejects Jesus, who said that He is the way, the truth, and the life…and no man comes to God except through Him (John 14:6).
You won’t find God under a rock, but all of creation declares His name (Romans 1). Nevertheless, many humans suppress what they know to be true about God as they choose to continue in rebellion against Him. The Bible says that we will find God when we seek Him with all our heart (Jeremiah 29:13). Therefore, the one who pretends to seek God will not find Him.
It is my prayer and hope that all will trust Jesus (although it is my experience that many will continue in rebellion against Him) and I hope you will seriously consider what I have presented here.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Ryan November 29, 2012 at 12:37 pm

I guess I just have a hard time just blindly accepting a written book that references itself. It doesn’t mean I am not seeking god, it’s just so easy for it to just be writings and stories.
But if that is disobedience to the christian god and I just cannot comprehend the bridge between creator and book without the book, then I guess I’m up the creek.

Thank you for your time.

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Robert November 29, 2012 at 12:44 pm

Hi Ryan,
Many people have felt just the same way you do right now about this. However, if you are truly wanting to know God, it will happen. He’s not hiding. However, He expects us to accept Him on His terms. Have you tried praying and asking Him to show you the truth? Some of your comments lead me to believe that you aren’t closed to the reality of God.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Ryan November 29, 2012 at 1:11 pm

Yes, I have prayed to reveal truth in the scripture. I can’t tell whether any further thoughts/actions are a result of my creativity or a divine personal being helping me understand written word. It’s not clear enough.

On a scale of 1 to 10, 10 being ‘Believe’:
*Intelligent creator: 9. Hasn’t been proven. Hasn’t been disproved.
*Christian God: 2. There is truth in the bible. Like I read proverbs and ecclesiastes because it holds universal truths/wisdom that can enhance ones life and give insight into the cycles and psychology of earth/humans.

I believe it would be foolish for anyone to proclaim the know without a shadow of a doubt that there is no god, no one knows that. I believe it is foolish to commit my life to something that is fragile or can be debated until the end of my days.

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Robert November 29, 2012 at 1:22 pm

Ryan,
I will be praying that God convinces you that there is nothing ‘fragile’ about trusting Him. Jesus asked Paul (in Acts 9, I think) why Paul continued to fight against the truth. It’s a question that each of us should ask ourselves. Ryan, may God show you the truth.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Ryan November 29, 2012 at 1:34 pm

Well Robert, because the truth, though hard won is always worth fighting for, regardless of which side of the fence it is waiting!

Thanks for you time, patience, and dialogue Robert!

I’m sure we’ll talk again.

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Ignatius December 14, 2012 at 11:15 am

Some times i keep thinking why God has to create a world full of sinfull men, since he knew the end from the begining. Is it a form of making a movie-like event or just His interest to see man on earth?this calls to my mind of God repenting for creating man,didn’t He knows man would turn out to be something else? from Nigeria

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Robert December 17, 2012 at 5:20 pm

Hello Ignatius,
Thank you for reading and commenting. Questions like the one you ask are asked often and are good questions. However, we must first realize that God did not create a ‘world full of sinful men’, He created a perfect world in which He gave mankind a choice whether or not to obey Him. We rejected Him, and many continue to do so. As far as God repenting (which for man usually means a ‘change of mind’ but for God it usually means a ‘change of action’). Certainly God knew what would transpire as far as men acting sinfully, but His desire is still that everyone would be saved (2 Peter 3:9 ESV) and it grieves His heart over each one of us who is not. We must remember that, no matter how many people reject God for a sinful life, there are many who love Him and have eternal life. God bless you, Ignatius. Keep trusting God.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Michael Hassan April 29, 2013 at 12:34 pm

Hello Robert. Thanks for the article. I think this topic out of everything was probably the hardest to try and get my head around often coming up in my thoughts but then something hit me..we are not meant to know what the very very beginning is, God is God and surely incomprehensible to us..If god wanted us to know of his physical form he wouldn’t have sent Jesus to represent him. I feel if we were supposed to know of God in a physical sense the bible would account for his existence that way and tell us how he came into being, but it doesn’t. The main thing you simply cannot get away from though is the fact that it does not feel correct that we as human beings with complex feelings of love, sorrow and a sense of right and wrong on a planet perfectly fit to sustain life are the result of chance, everything has a cause, and those things in us are the holy spirit. God bless, keep up the good work.

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Robert April 29, 2013 at 2:53 pm

Hi Michael,
Thanks for reading and commenting. I pray that your interaction here has drawn you closer to God. I read something recently that cause a light to go on in my head, it said (paraphrased), “God has given us sufficient information, not all information”. In other words, God has (and will) reveal as much of His Truth as He deems necessary to carry out His will. He can be trusted to tell us what we need to be told. Surely we should seek His will and His way from His word, but we will never, nor should we expect to, know everything there is to know. God bless you, Michael.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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David August 18, 2013 at 11:48 pm

Hi Robert, Thanks for the Article.Do you think you have won more souls to Christ by Debate or by personal testimony?Loved the Article.In Christ Brother David

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Robert August 19, 2013 at 8:42 am

Hi David,
Thanks for reading and commenting. As to your question: I think that there is a place for both personal testimony AND debate/discussion. There are many people in whose hearts Jesus is working, but they have intellectual roadblocks in the form of questions. Many times, if those questions can be answered, they trust in Jesus. Both personal testimony and apologetics are important in different situations. “Come, let us reason together”. God bless you, David.
Yours in Christ,
Robert

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Josiah Oswald Macadangdang September 25, 2014 at 10:36 am

Thank you sir!

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