What Did Jesus Mean When He Said “I Am The Lord Of The Sabbath”?

by Jack Wellman · Print Print · Email Email

What did Jesus mean by saying He is Lord of the Sabbath?  What does that mean for Christians?

The Angered Religious Leaders

Jesus did a lot of things to anger the religious leaders of His day; no surprise there, but Jesus got angry too…it was called righteous indignation and He was angry with the religious leaders who had made the Sabbath such a heavy burden that I would imagine most people dreaded it’s coming.  How tragic because Jesus said that “the Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27-28).  What Jesus was saying was that the Sabbath was made for man and that it was meant for our good.  God knows we’re dust and understands how fragile our frame is (Psalm 103:14) and knowing us, since He created us, He knows that we need to have one day of rest in seven.  God never intended the Sabbath to become a burden but that’s what the religious leaders of Jesus’ day had done. They made that day seem to everyone to be like a camel that’s been weighed down by every possible weight imaginable.  In fact, they had added hundreds of other manmade traditions, which they considered to be equal to or in some cases, greater than the law, that were not in the original Sabbath command.  This was exactly the opposite of what God had intended for the Sabbath to be.

What Did Jesus Mean When He Said I Am The Lord Of The Sabbath

Jesus Created the Sabbath

Isn’t someone who created something the owner of it?  Can’t they do whatsoever they please with it?  In this way, Jesus, being the Creator (John 1:3; Col 1:16), has every right to do whatever He pleases on the Sabbath, just as anyone of the disciples had when they were with Him.  That’s why Jesus said that He was Lord of the Sabbath.  The word Lord denotes sovereign rights and ownership so who can tell Jesus what He can and what He cannot do on the Sabbath?  That’s like having someone come into your house that you had built and telling you that you’re air conditioning system is wrong and you have the electrical system not up to their standards, therefore it’s in violation of what they think it should be.  The religious leaders would come into your home and condemn you for not having the house meet their own manmade set of rules and regulations.  They wouldn’t care that it’s up to the standard of the local zoning laws and is exactly what they recommended to be legal in your city or county; they would only care what they thought it should be, regardless of what the law actually said.  That’s why Jesus often rebuked the religious leaders of the day because they were making the Sabbath something that no one could possibly keep, at least according to their own self-righteous standards.

Doing Good on the Sabbath

We had to move a widower out of her home years ago on a Sunday because that was the only day most of the men could do it so we moved her into a smaller, government subsidized housing unit and the neighbors there who attended a Sabbath-keeping church thought we were breaking the law.  I recalled what Jesus said when He saw a man with a withered hand that He was going to heal and they asked Him “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse him” (Matt 12:10).  Notice it wasn’t because they cared for the man but they only wanted to accuse Him.  I could have repeated to these “Sabbath-keepers” that were judging us for helping out a widow on a Sunday what Jesus asked “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to kill?” But they were silent” (Mark 3:4).  Then Jesus answered “Which one of you who has a sheep, if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out? Of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.”  Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And the man stretched it out, and it was restored, healthy like the other” (Matt 12:11-13).  You would think they’d celebrate that someone was healed “But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy him” (Matt 12:14).  How hard hearted can you be?!  They wanted to destroy Him because He healed on the Sabbath even though the Sabbath law gave allowance for merciful acts for animals…but not humans!?  No wonder “He looked around at them in anger and, deeply distressed at their stubborn hearts, said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was completely restored” (Mark 3:5).

Acts of Mercy on the Sabbath

On one occurrence, “Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry and began to pick some heads of grain and eat them” (Matt 12:1) but what was the reaction of the Pharisees?  “Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath” (Matt 12:2).  God always puts mercy above sacrifice, and in this case the supposed sacrifice that the Pharisees took on their keeping the Sabbath, which is why Jesus said “I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless.  For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath” (Matt 12:7-8).  The law allowed for acts of mercy on the Sabbath for animals and certainly for people and they must have known that so Jesus chastised them by telling them they’re “making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do” (Mark 7:13).  Elsewhere He said “If one of you has a child or an ox that falls into a well on the Sabbath day, will you not immediately pull it out” (Luke 14:5)?  No wonder that Jesus was often angry at their coldness of heart.  They cared nothing for acts of mercy…they only wanted others to keep their own self-righteous traditions, which as I wrote earlier, making them equal to or greater than the actual Sabbath Law given.


Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath. We cannot judge others for what they do on Sunday and for others, what they do on Saturday. I’ve had so many people tell me that I have the mark of the beast because I worship on Sunday instead of Saturday, even though there is no command for Sabbath-keeping anywhere in the New Testament.  When God spoke about the Sabbath law He always qualified it with “To you Oh Israel,” besides, Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath and Lord of every day for that matter and the point is, the Sabbath was made for us…we were not made for the Sabbath.

Read more about the Sabbath here: Remember The Sabbath Day

Resource – Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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{ 25 comments… read them below or add one }

Tynesha July 9, 2015 at 9:19 am

This was very insightful, someone really said you had the mark of the beast for worshiping on Sunday? Wow


Jack Wellman July 9, 2015 at 9:23 am

Thank you Tynesha…I get a lot of such comments by those who don’t understand what this mark is and it saddens me to have other professing Christians judge others so harshly when we are told not too.


Nancy July 9, 2015 at 5:32 pm

This was educational to me and a matter of concern. I do wonder about the Commandment of keeping the sabbath holy. I thought that was meant for resting. I am a bit confused now.


Jack Wellman July 9, 2015 at 5:56 pm

Thank you Nancy. I believe we are to make every day of holy use for God and we should have a day of rest but the Sabbath commandment doesn’t appear in the New Testament as all the others do and this commandment in the Old Testament always had attached to it “and to you oh Israel.”


DocReits July 11, 2015 at 3:49 pm

A tough sell Pastor Jack and a brave topic. There are those who will tell us that the fourth Commandment is still a Commandment and is no less to be obeyed and honored than the other nine. That Saturday is THE day and no other. Others say, as you mentioned, that Jesus ‘IS” our Sabbath Rest, Lord of the Sabbath, and we “Rest” in Him.

I believe we are to keep one day in seven holy onto the Lord. I like what Matthew Henry’s commentary says here:

“Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary of Exodus 20: 3-11:

The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRST table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first, because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. It cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is false to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship, JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden. Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship, breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lord our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, in any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further. All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mere human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concerns the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence and seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God, all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters not whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things break this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them. The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, Remember, shows that it was not now first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so as to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those days we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day. Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all works of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden. Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business, worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, are not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be a carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for taking care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day is blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and direction to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.”

What day in seven is IMO moot, as Scripture tells us here:

“So don’t let anyone condemn you for what you eat or drink, or for not celebrating certain holy days or new moon ceremonies or Sabbaths”.(Col 2:16)

Paul’s point here was to not be bound by schedules or foods. It was not telling us to throw out the Fourth Commandment. I believe we are to set aside one day a week to honor God by ceasing from our work, which in turn is to restore our bodies and souls, for God wants us to be refreshed. We shouldn’t get crazy about it and tell our wives we can’t take the garbage out or wash the dishes. That legalism is what Jesus threw in the face of the Pharisees by healing on their Sabbath. He was showing, once again, that man was not made to obey a bunch of rules on the Sabbath. The Sabbath was created for us (Mk 2:27).




Jack Wellman July 11, 2015 at 4:12 pm

Well said brother. I got a lot of heat from this and some comments (that were not approved) were bordering on the outrageous like Sunday worship is the mark of the beast and we profaning the Sabbath (Saturday) by working on it but I believe that we should make every day the Lord’s day but rest is certainly needed for me in one day in seven…for me that is more often Saturday or Monday but even then, I don’t take it too far (e.g. the trash, dishes, etc.).


Tony Bergin July 24, 2015 at 4:11 am

Hi Jack Brother. I really like this post. I have a little problem with it though. I am doing a little study around this at the moment and sometimes we tend to overlook certain things….and this changes the face of ALL things. For example in your conclusion, which is the place where you are actually telling people what you have found in your study. You simply make the mistake of saying….and I’ll quote. ” even though there is no command for Sabbath-keeping anywhere in the New Testament”.. This is just simply not true….and you have influenced your whole answer based on this…..you see… look not at the things which are seen, but at the things not seen. The Sabbath was being observed ALL the time, because it would have been unknown and entirely alien to anybody not to know and observe it. You have made a few more wrong assumptions, and on that, there is no point in writing it now… as it appears to me you have made your mind up pretty strong. But , be Blessed Brother, does any of this make me different or better that anyone else…absolutely not. Blessings to you and family. 🙂


Tabitha July 21, 2020 at 10:05 am

Hey there. Where does God say or Jesus say that we can choose just any day? God is a God of order right? He was specific in what day. Is Tuesday the 7th day or any other day than Saturday? Can you please tell me where in scripture? When you give the scripture sabbaths there are sabbaths which are the feast of the tabernacles, Shavuot and others. That’s where the confusion sets in for many. Here is something that would be good to study on those sabbaths. Search Results
Featured snippet from the web
High Sabbaths, in most Christian and Messianic Jewish usage, are seven annual biblical festivals and rest days, recorded in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. This is an extension of the term “high day” found in the King James Version at John 19:31.


Jack Wellman July 21, 2020 at 1:13 pm

You are sadly mistaken. I sugguest you read Gal 2 & 3 because you are adding the Sabbath as a command for Gentiles, and this was never given in the New Testament. When God gave the Sabbath command (and it was not in Genesis), it says “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the LORD” (Lev 25:2), and this Sabbath command, in the Old Testament only, was always directed to the children of Israel. God’s Word says “Speak to the people of Israel” but not so to Gentiles in the church today. You are still living in Pharisee-land trying to achieve righteousness by the Law but God will not accept your works. So are you Jewish? If not, then why try to load down people with heavy weights when you probably don’t keep the Law yourself perfectly (read James).

God gave the Sabbath Day to keep as a sign between Himself and Israel “that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you.” By observing the Sabbath, Israel would give a testimony that He was their God and they were His people who would always acknowledge the day on which He rested after finishing creation, so please stop trying to teach others that observance of the Law makes us right with God. You would do good to study the New Testament as you seem caught up on the Mosaic Laws meant for the Jews and not Gentiles. I pray you are not influencing and teaching others this heresy. We pray for those in Israel who do not yet know Jesus as the Messiah and their Savior.


ron taylor May 25, 2016 at 9:44 am

the real question should be, has anyone set aside a whole day regardless the day of week and dedicate that day to the lord the whole 24 hours for prayer, studding scripture, fellowshiping and giving god praise and thank for his sacrifice. Im afraid very few do that in this country thats real sabbath keeping loving God and our neighbors.


Greg August 9, 2017 at 6:29 pm

The Bible says in Matthew 5:17 that Jesus did not come to destroy the law but to fulfill it.Hence the ministry of Jesus does not exclude the 10 commandments


Jack Wellman August 9, 2017 at 9:13 pm

Greg, if you can show me that a person is saved by keeping the Ten Commandments in the Bible, then we can talk. Please read Galatians chapter 3 to see what I mean. Jesus fulfilled the law, yes, but not how you think by keeping the Sabbath.


Bryt dolla December 6, 2018 at 7:36 am

what sense does it make to keep a day holy and remaining days none holy. a righteous man is an example of Sabbath who is the Originator him self Jesus. there is no rest in any day, when you die you have enough rest to pend for the judgement day


Jack Wellman December 6, 2018 at 8:33 am

Hello friend. A righteous man is an example of the Sabbath? Can you explain that or give us a Scripture reference? We ought to live holy lives every day so you are right in that sense. Thank you.


Michael Dan Santiago May 11, 2019 at 11:51 pm

Hi Jack,

But Ephesians 2:14-16 tells us:
For he himself is our peace, who has made the two groups one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, by setting aside in his flesh the law with its commands and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which he put to death their hostility.

The context is speaking of a separation of God’s People and the physical wall of separation to show how Gentiles had no part with God, before Christ. Because of God’s grace, as He had drawn believers, both Jew & Gentile unto Him, to make both one in Him. There are no more gentile. No more Jew. No separate flocks or peoples. Only His people “Israel”. If we consider ourselves His people, we are “Israel” – let us not separate, what God has made one, through the sacrifice of Jesus.


Jack Wellman May 12, 2019 at 9:22 am

Thank you Mr. Santiago.


Solomon July 10, 2019 at 8:20 am

One thing I know for sure is that Saturday is the sabbath day. NOT Sunday. Sunday was declared the day of rest by Roman Emperor Constantine due to their roman worship of the sun god.


Jack Wellman July 10, 2019 at 9:10 am

Hello Solomon. The Sabbath command was always attached with “Say to the House of Israel” so if you are a Jew, then you can celebrate this day but you cannot make it binding on believers today. Please read Gal 3. You are hungup on the law and no man is justified by the law or keeping the Sabbath. I pray yoiu repent of this.


Solomon July 10, 2019 at 8:22 am

Thanks for the illustrations though. They did shine a light on that issue.


Jacqueline February 22, 2020 at 8:18 am

John 14:15, Revelation 22:14, Mathew 5:17-19 (heaven and earth have not passed away yet) I challenge you to find anywhere in the bible were the sabbath changed to Sunday. Your article was helpful to me, but I also want to tell you truth.


Jack Wellman February 22, 2020 at 1:26 pm

Thank you but if you are trying to keep a Sabbath on Saturday, you are missing the point (Gal 2 & 3) as you are trying to justify yourself by the law and you are a stumbling block to other believers if you try to convince them to keep the sabbath and by the way, I never wrote that the heavens and earth will pass away, but there will be a new heaven and a new earth. Please repent of your Sabbath-forcing on other people.


Jacqueline February 24, 2020 at 11:58 pm

I was Baptist but I found the trust in the bible and was not to proud to accept it, as many are
. There is a difference between doing what’s right because you love God and trying to work your way to heaven.


Jack Wellman February 25, 2020 at 9:04 am

Thank you Jacqueline.


Mari January 2, 2021 at 2:39 pm

Please Read Hebrews 4:3-13
It’s in the new testament and it talks about keeping the (Sabbath)
He explains clearly in Exodus 31:13 that the Sabbath is for the generations to come

May God bless you and help you understand as he did to me
Happy Sabbath ♡


Jack Wellman January 2, 2021 at 4:29 pm

Hello Mari. Yes, the Sabbath is for generations to come; that is if you are Jewish. Exodus 31:31 says “You are to speak to the people of Israel and say” and not to the Gentile nations around them. And you are taking Heb 4 out of context, so what works are we to rest from? Is it daily activities on Saturday or Sunday? No, it says “whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his” (Heb 4:10) so “let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience” (Heb 4:11), so this is NOT about a Saturday Sabbath, but about trusting in our own works to save us (Eph 2:8-9) and strive to live in obedience to God. The New Testament church did not keep the Sabbath. They gathered on the first day of the week, Sunday, the same day Jesus was resurrected. You need to read Col 2 and stop judging others by days, feasts, or sabbaths. You have no such right to judge over these things. I pray you repent of this and are not teaching this error wherever you are in a church. I pray God opens your eyes to this and not trying to encumber others with compulsory Sabbath observance…again, unless you are Jewish or from one of the Tribes of Israel.


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