Romans 5 Bible Study and Summary

by Jack Wellman · Print Print · Email Email

Here is a summary of Romans chapter 5 with a Bible study and commentary.

Romans 5:1-2 “Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.”

What is the “therefore” there for?  The “therefore” always points back to what was previously said and in this case, Paul had just written that “it was counted to him’ were not written for his sake alone, but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification” (Rom 4:23-25) so this is why he says “we have been justified by faith” therefore or because of this “we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ” for it is “through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace” and that’s how we can stand before God and why “we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God.”

Romans 5 Bible Study and Summary

Rom 5:3-5 “Not only that, but we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.”

By this hope of the glory of God we can rejoice in our sufferings because it “produces endurance” and this endurance “produces [godly] character” when this “produces hope.”  This is only possible though “because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit.” Therein lays our hope.

Romans 5:6-8 “For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

Before we were saved, “while we were still weak” the perfect timing of Christ’s death for us, “the ungodly,” shows or proves “his love for us that while we were still sinners” it was “Christ [Who] died for us.”  That’s why grace is so amazing…He died for us not because we had come out of sin but even while we were still sinners and still sinning!

Romans 5:9-10 “Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.”

We were justified by His blood but more, we “shall be saved by him from the wrath of God” and it’s called the good news because “while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son.”  Imagine dying for your spouse or your children or even a friend.  Now imagine dying for an enemy who had caused you to be crucified.  Can you even imagine a greater love?  We were reconciled by His blood and saved from the wrath; a wrath we deserved taken by Him Who didn’t.  This is how we “received reconciliation” (Rom 5:10).

Romans 5:12, 16 “Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned, the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.”

The Bible teaches that we were all born sinners and conceived in sin as David writes “Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me” (Psalm 51:5) but again, the good news is that “the free gift following many trespasses brought justification” through His blood.

Romans 5:17 “For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.”

Through this one man’s trespass or sin (Adam) death came even though God warned Adam that “for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die” (Gen 2:17b).  Adam did die; not immediately but eventually because the wages of our sins is death (Rom 6:23a).  Wages are paid for services rendered and the rendering of the wages we earned was death but the free gift of God allows us to receive eternal life (Rom 6:23b) and it is through, once again, the “free gift of righteousness…through the one man, Jesus Christ.”

Romans 5:18-19 “Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.”

It only took one sin to lead Adam into condemnation and this condemnation passed unto all men but then the one act of righteousness led “to justification and life for all men.”  That one act was displayed at the cross and his life’s blood justified us and by this “one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.”


The Book of Roman’s is among my favorites because it shows us the inability of mankind to save himself.  It frequently points to the only means of justification and that is through the blood of Jesus Christ, shed for all who believe in Him and that belief brings the hope of glory and eternal life with Christ.

Take a look at this related reading: Romans Commentary, Summary and Key Verses

Resource – Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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{ 4 comments… read them below or add one }

DocReits September 13, 2015 at 2:43 am

I enjoyed your article Pastor Jack,

One of the confusing issues with righteousness is “how” we are “made” righteous. Does that mean that we ever become righteous or “worthy” as other authors on this site proclaim?

I think it is important that we look at the word “made” to understand this. Other posters have said it is easy to understand this. They say we become righteous in God’s eyes and that is that. I think this cursory summation leads to some erroneous ideas and frustration by Christians who might not feel worthy when they sin.

I think it is important to dig further beneath the surface to understand what it means to be “made” righteous. Starting with Col 2:10 Paul speaks about this “being made” complete. It is only as we are in Christ that we are made complete or righteous. It is His life dwelling in us that the rest of Col chapter 2 and 3 describes as the mystery of God being fulfilled(God in Christ and Christ in us).

The beautiful image Paul describes of us being buried with Christ in baptism(signifying His death) and raised with Him through His Resurrection is what ID’s us with Christ’s “right” to offer His Blood before the Father for our atonement. It is His purchase with His Blood that allows us to be “made righteous” before God as we believe in His death and Resurrection. Speaking about Abraham Paul makes this observation in Romans:

“22And because of Abraham’s faith, God counted him as righteous. 23And when God counted him as righteous, it wasn’t just for Abraham’s benefit. It was recorded 24for our benefit, too, assuring us that God will also count us as righteous if we believe in him, the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. 25He was handed over to die because of our sins, and he was raised to life to make us right with God”(Rom 4:22-25)

Abraham was “counted” as righteous through faith. Jesus made us “right” with God by our faith in Him.

Here is my point…we are not righteous. It is as Jesus spiritually circumcises us that our sins are cut away as we identify with Him by the Grace of God through Faith. It is Jesus who is Righteous. It is Jesus who is worthy. We are unworthy. We are unrighteous. It is as we carry Christ inside of us bodily that we carry His righteousness and we are identifying ourselves with THE WORTHY ONE, THE RIGHTEOUS ONE…Jesus.

Here it is:

“When you came to Christ, you were “circumcised,” but not by a physical procedure. Christ performed a spiritual circumcision–the cutting away of your sinful nature.” (Col 2:11)

Now we are alive…but not righteous ourselves. It is only because we have Christ within us and He is the righteous One, not us, that we are “made” righteous. Here it is “You were dead because of your sins and because your sinful nature was not yet cut away. Then God made you alive with Christ, for he forgave all our sins. He canceled the record of the charges against us and took it away by nailing it to the cross.”( Col 2:13,14)

So now can we boast that we are righteous? Can we walk away from the Cross all clean because God nailed our sins to the Cross?? Are we somehow able now to walk worthy in our own power because we have been made clean since our sins are back on the Cross?? “Thanks Jesus we have it from here”. I harp on this because many Christians preach this insanity. This idea that we are somehow righteous before God now because our sins have been forgiven.

Do not misunderstand, we are “made” righteous as the scripture says but the “making” is because we carry the Righteous One within us. We are not righteous ourselves…we are “made” righteous because of His Righteousness.

Paul ends the book of Colossians speaking of his desire to share this mystery of Christ(4:3) which I have made a mess of in trying to bring about my point….Once again we are “made” righteous only because Christ(the Righteous One) is within us(Col 1:27).

I feel this point is misunderstood by many Christians. It is a source of frustration in the Christian walk when many feel depressed and discouraged when they sin. “If I am worthy or righteous, why do I still sin?” Well Christ is the worthy One, and we need to daily go to Him and confess our sins and pick up our Cross and follow Him. It is only as we cling to His Cross that we are “made” worthy, because He is Worthy.

Yes, we will continue to sin until we get to heaven. Deal with that fact! Run to the Cross and try again tomorrow asking Christ who is within you to help you sin less today than yesterday and rejoice in that you are forgiven and will live forever in heaven with the ONLY Righteous One…Jesus.

Does this make sense Pastor Jack?



Jack Wellman September 13, 2015 at 6:06 pm

Thanks Doc. Yes my friend, it does make sense. Martin Luther said that his righteousness was “xtra nos” meaning “outside of self” or an “alien righteousness” which I believe is very accurate. 2nd Cor 5:21 says “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” The wording “we might become ” seems to suggest “it is a process” but then again, that is sanctification (lifelong) but we are now the children of God but birthed only by God. Born from above (John 3:3, 7), no works, not boast (Eph 2:8-9). It is not our righteousness but His righteousness imputed toward us, on our account.


Jean Jeudy November 19, 2017 at 4:51 am



suresh madramootoo December 26, 2017 at 5:21 am

Dear please keep on your list.


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