Whatever Happened To Nicodemus And Joseph Of Arimathea?

by Jack Wellman · Print Print · Email Email

Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea apparently believed in Jesus, so what happened to the Jewish religious leaders after they placed their trust in Christ?


We are introduced to Nicodemus in the Gospel of John chapter 3 and John is the only record we have of Nicodemus, as the other three gospels remain silent about Nicodemus. Nicodemus was a Pharisee and the Pharisees, unlike the Sadducees, believed in the resurrection, but were also responsible for a high level of legalism, so Nicodemus was not only a ruler, he was a member of the Sanhedrin, which was the ruling body of the Jews, but why is John the only one who writes about Nicodemus? Perhaps the other gospel writers were protecting Nicodemus because it appears that he later believed in Christ. There is no other reason for Nicodemus to have come with Joseph of Arimathea to retrieve Jesus’ body and prepare His body for burial. Before Nicodemus’ conversion, John writes, “Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, ‘Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him’” (John 3:1-2). Nicodemus was not just a Pharisee, but a ruler of the Pharisees, which was one of the most powerful positions to hold in Jewry. He came at night, perhaps not wanting it known that he met with Jesus. It is possible he was sent by the Pharisees to find out more about Jesus, as this took place early in His ministry. Nicodemus himself might have wanted to know if Jesus was the Messiah. Only God knows, but after Jesus’ death, Nicodemus would later come and take His dead body and prepare it for burial, using “a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.” (John 19:39-40). Joseph of Arimathea was with Nicodemus.

Joseph of Arimathea

After Jesus death, we see Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea specifically, asking “Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body” (John 19:38b), but one thing we know for sure is, Joseph of Arimathea was “a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews” (John 19:38a), and since Nicodemus was also with Joseph, he also, believed in the Lord…perhaps secretly as Joseph had a “fear of the Jews.” Mark gives us a bit more about Joseph of Arimathea than does John, as Mark writes that “Joseph of Arimathea came, a prominent member of the Council, who himself was waiting for the kingdom of God; and he gathered up courage and went in before Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus” (Mark 15:43). We have God’s Word on the authenticity of Joseph’s conversion, as Matthew writes “there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus” (Matt 27:57).

The Cost of Following Jesus

“Jesus told his disciples, ‘If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me’” (Matt 16:24) and said, “A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher” (Luke 6:40), and those who are like Christ will suffer persecution like Christ, although not to the same extent of course. This means, “If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple” (Luke 14:26), and “Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple” (Luke 14:27), so every Christian should know, if they don’t already, that the narrow path to eternal life is difficult, and few will find it (Matt 7:13-14), “So therefore, any one of you who does not renounce all that he has cannot be my disciple” (Luke 14:33). By the time Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea had died, they had surely found this out.

What Happened to Joseph and Nicodemus?

Sources outside of the Bible, as we know, are unreliable at times, but the Gospel of Nicodemus, as well as other apocryphal works, indicated that Nicodemus lost his position as a Pharisee and was kicked off the Sanhedrin, and was eventually banished from Jerusalem by the hostile Jews. My seminary professor told us that he believed Nicodemus was saved early, even before Calvary, and was later baptized by the Apostle’s Peter and John, although he acknowledged that it’s impossible to prove. Further, he said that Nicodemus remains were said to be found in a common grave along with those of Gamaliel and Stephen. Again, this cannot be known for certain. It is possible, Joseph of Arimathea fulfilled Isaiah 53:9 where it was told that the “suffering servant,” Jesus Christ, “made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.” This was fulfilled, probably unknowingly, when Joseph gave his own burial site for Jesus to be laid, perhaps indicating Joseph was well advanced in years. To be sure, we just don’t know what happened to Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea, but I believe we will see them both in the kingdom, because they showed by their actions that they revered the dead body of Jesus and wanted to give His body a proper and decent and honorable burial. No enemy of Christ would take such a risk for fear of being exposed by the Jews. In fact, no enemy of Christ would even care what happened to Jesus’ body after He died.


Joseph derived his name, Joseph of Arimathea, from the Judean city from which he came and Nicodemus was very much like Paul, a Pharisee of the Pharisees, a member of the Sanhedrin. Both men had power, wealth, and influence, but they were willing to lose that for the purpose of receiving eternal life and being born again. Just as Jesus said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God” (John 3:3), and there is strong reason to believe these two men were just that; born again. Nicodemus tried to fight for justice when the Jews were using illegal tactics to try Jesus (John 7:50-51), but to no avail, so I believe we will see these two men in the kingdom, and maybe then, we can get all these questions answered and satisfy our curiosity.

Read some more background here: Who Were the Pharisees and the Sadducees?

Resource – Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), Crossway Bibles. (2007). ESV: Study Bible : English standard version. Wheaton, Ill: Crossway Bibles. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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{ 18 comments… read them below or add one }

Jeremy de Beer February 8, 2019 at 3:19 am

Dear Jack

Apart from attending one of our Lord and Master’s sermons out of curiosity, can you think of any other plausible way in which Joseph of Arimathea became a convert to Christianity and thereby a secret disciple?

With kindest regards



Jack Wellman February 8, 2019 at 9:29 am

Great question sir, but we know that since Joseph asked for Jesus’ body to bury Him, everyone must have known that he was now a disciple of Jesus. Otherwise, they would not have wanted anyone to know they were His disciples, but to do this publically shows Joseph was no longer a “secret disciple” but was one publically. I pray this has helped sir.


Peter waweru May 29, 2019 at 6:46 am

Were these two gentlemen married and did they have a family? for the Bible is silent about it. Joseph gave out his grave to Jesus, where was he buried ?


Jack Wellman May 29, 2019 at 10:10 am

Hello Mr. Waweru. The Bible is silent on these questions, and where the Bible is silent, so must we me. Thank you for your question sir.


Al Grayson May 17, 2020 at 10:30 am

“Graves” in Palestine were tombs, underground mausoleums. They typically were made from natural caves, but might be cut from solid “rock,” soft semi-stone.
As underground rooms they usually had shelf niches cut in the walls where the bodies were laid. If Joseph’s tomb was like most, it had shelf niches cut for his family members, which might include slaves.
Jesus’ body was not buried as such in the way we do, laid in the bottom of a hole and covered with dirt several feet deep. His body was laid on a shelf or perhaps a central table.
The women came early “Sunday” morning during twilight to add more fragrant spices to the body. If buried in a hole and covered with dirt several feet deep as is our custom they could not have added spices – there would have been no point in spicing a deeply buried body.


Neal Donohue July 17, 2019 at 3:37 pm

Do you realize there are discrepencies in John’s Gospel concerning the burial, then that of the synoptic (second-hand) accounts of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The women are not accounted for in John at the burial, yet hey are the ones relaying the information to the other writers.


Jack Wellman July 17, 2019 at 4:42 pm

Hello Mr. Donohue and thank you for your comment sir, and no, I do not realize there are discrepancies in John’s gospel, because there are not. God’s Word never contradicts itself and there are no discrepancies in the Bible. What appears to be discrepancies are easily solved. Now human writings? Yes, they often do, so there are plenty of discrepancies in human writings, but in God’s Word? Never! The women “are” accounted for. If you had 4 eye witnesses at an accident, each would give similar information, but their perspectives would vary. They wouldn’t contradict each other, but only be different from one another because of where they were standing. It is only your lack of understanding and others that make them feel there are discrepancies, but they are wrong.

For example, egarding the timing of the women’s trip, the sticky point is John’s claim that they went to the tomb “while it was still dark” (John 20:1). Was it very early in the morning at dawn, or was it still dark? One plausible solution is that the phrases used in the Gospels all refer to the same general time. Much of the sky is still dark when the day begins to dawn very early in the morning.

Perhaps a better solution is that John may have described when the women initially left for the tomb, while the other Gospels described when the women arrived. If they lodged in Bethany, as they had done earlier in the week, then the women would need to travel about two miles to reach the burial site (John 11:18), plenty of time for the sun to rise.

Resolving the differences in the number of women listed is straightforward. At least five women went to the tomb, since Luke names three of them and then says “other women” went too (at least two). Notice that Matthew does not say that only two women were there. Mark does not say only three women were there. They simply focus on the women they name. Although John names only Mary Magdalene, he is clearly aware that she was not alone. Reporting to Peter and John, she said, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him” (John 20:2), so you see, it is a lack of seeing/reading all four gospels and then and only them do you get the whole picture. I hope that helped you sir.


Emmanuel Emielu January 13, 2020 at 9:47 pm

God bless you sir, for standing for Jesus, like Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea in their time.


Jack Wellman January 13, 2020 at 10:13 pm

You are so encouraging sir. Thank you.


Oun January 17, 2020 at 11:59 pm

In his book the Day Christ Died – An Historical Novel (1957), Jim Bishop describes Joseph of Arimathea as a Sadducee. How plausible is it?


Jack Wellman January 18, 2020 at 12:06 pm

Hello Oun. While there is not much information in the Bible about Joseph of Arimathea, there are certain things we can glean from the text. In Luke 23:50, we learn that Joseph was actually a part of the Council, or Sanhedrin—the group of Jewish religious leaders who called for Jesus’ crucifixion. However, as we read on to verse 51, we see that Joseph was opposed to the Council’s decision and was in fact a secret follower of Jesus (see also Mark 15:43). Joseph was a wealthy man (Matthew 27:57), although the source of his wealth is unknown. In addition, the Bible refers to Joseph as a “good and upright man” (Luke 23:50).

Many spurious stories and legends have arisen regarding Joseph. Some purport that Joseph of Arimathea was the uncle of Jesus’ mother, Mary. However, the Bible makes no such connection, so the claim is unsubstantiated. In addition, Joseph supposedly made many trips to Britain for trade and is said to have eventually brought the gospel to that country. Again, though, the Bible is silent about Joseph after Jesus’ burial, so we cannot know for sure what path he took later in life. What we do know is what we find in the Scriptures: Joseph of Arimathea was a rich man and part of the Sanhedrin, and he procured Jesus’ body and laid it in his own tomb—from which Jesus would rise again in power three days later. If it is not recorded in the Bible, we cannot know for sure about whether Joseph of Arimathea was a Sadducee, but there is no valid historical nor biblical record that Jospeh was a Sadducee.


Mario Valdés February 15, 2020 at 11:03 pm

i have found out brother
May God bless you


Jack Wellman February 16, 2020 at 9:29 am

Hello Mario. I am glad you found out, so what happened to Nicodemus and Joseph? I could only use the Bible as my source since this alone is trustworthy.


Daniel March 30, 2020 at 10:27 am

Knowing that there is an answer to all questions that arise in the bible, would you know why the women would need to go to the tomb to anoint Jesus’ body, when Joseph and Nicodemus already did it three days earlier? Thank you for your time.


Jack Wellman March 30, 2020 at 1:07 pm

Hello Daniel. Anointing the dead bodies for the first 3 days is Jewish custom and one of showing diginity and respect for the dead. They knew others might come to view the body, as in some cases today, there are viewings before the person is laid to rest.


Al Grayson April 19, 2020 at 10:03 pm

What happened to Jesus’ body when He rose into the sky and disappeared from sight? Mark 16:19, Luke 24:51
He was received into heaven. Where is this heaven, that a physical body can go?


Jack Wellman April 20, 2020 at 9:35 am

Hello Mr. Grayson. Jesus’ body was with Him when He rose into the sky. Remember that He showed them the nail holes and the pierced side with a sword, and that’s a physical body He had after the resurrection, so nothing happened to His body. It lay lifeless but Jesus’ Spirit never died as He is God and cannot die. He was recieved into heaven presenting His own blood (see Book of Hebrews).


Steve H Hakes April 3, 2021 at 11:36 am

Just passing through, researching for a vampire book what history and legend says about J-o-A & Nicodemus.

On Nicodemus, I reckon it was he who introduced the term, ‘born again’ in good natured humour in a good natured dialogue: Jesus had used a ambivalent term (Jhn.3:3); Nicodemus took it in its reincarnational way as a “surely not”, and Jesus had in so many words said “don’t be ridiculous, of course not—born from above, not born again”.

As to point of conversion, pace your prof, Jhn.1:12 spoke of only a right to become prior to the cross, because becoming children of God would not be possible before the resurrection: it’s all connected to seeing/entering the new level of kingdom—Nicodemus, by natural birth, was already a kingdom member of Sinai’s level of kingdom. IMO even the apostles only became born a-new-way once they individually welcomed Jesus as the resurrected messiah.


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