Who or What is the Holy Spirit? A Bible Study

by Jack Wellman on April 12, 2012 · Print Print · Email Email

Who is the Holy Spirit or what is the Holy Spirit?  Is it a force, an energy, a power, or is He a person?  We can find out by reading the Bible.

Third Member of the Trinity

God the Holy Spirit is a Person.  He is not a power, an effect, or just energy.  God the Holy Spirit does have energy (limitless), can affect things, and does have power (God’s power), but He is much more than these attributes.  Almost every single time that the New Testament mentions “the Spirit” this is in direct reference to God the Holy Spirit.  There are three members of the God Family.  This family includes God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son of God, and God the Holy Spirit.   Each member of the Trinity has a part in a person’s coming to saving faith in Jesus Christ.  God the Father draws them (John 6:44), Jesus saves them (John 3:16), and the Holy Spirit tells us Who that Savior is – Jesus of course.

Who Is The Holy Spirit

Each member of the Trinity has a part in a person’s coming to saving faith in Jesus Christ.

God the Holy Spirit’s Work in Us

  • Bear Fruit with Him (Gal 5:22-23)
  • Seals us and keeps us (Eph 1:13-14)
  • Live In Him (Gal 5:25)
  • Evangelize with Him (John 16:13-14, Acts 4:31)
  • Renewed by Him (Titus 3:5)
  • Shapes us, molds us, and makes us conform to Christ’s image (Rom 8:1-17)
  • Be convicted Him of sin (John 16:8)
  • Sanctifies us (1 Peter 1:2)
  • Reveals Who Jesus is (John 16:8-14)
  • Helps us pray to Father (Rom 8:26)
  • Speaks to us (Acts 8:29, 11:12, 13:12)
  • Creates us as a new creature (2 Cor 5:17, Eph 2:10)
  • Helps us understand the Word of God (Heb 4:2)
  • Reminds us of what to say (John 14:25-26)
  • Testifies about Who Jesus is (John 15:26)
  • Leads us (Rom 8:14)
  • Imparts eternal life (Rom 8:10, 14)
  • Comforts us (2 Cor 1:4)
  • He will help us to overcome sin (Acts 1:5-8)
  • Prevents us from going somewhere or doing something (Acts 16:5-7)
  • We can lie to Him (Acts 5:3-4)
  • We can quench Him (1 Thess 5:19)
  • We can grieve Him (Eph 4:30)

God the Holy Spirit’s Work in the Church

The Holy Spirit not only empowers the believer with gifts but works actively in the church and even appoints church leadership (Acts 20:28).  Here are a few examples:

Acts 8:29Then the Spirit said to Philip, Go near and overtake this chariot.“

Acts 11:12Then the Spirit told me to go with them, doubting nothing. Moreover these six brethren accompanied me, and we entered the man’s house.“

Acts 13:12As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Now separate to Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”

Acts 5:3-4But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? 4 While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.”

1 Cor 2:9-12However, as it is written: What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard,
and what no human mind has conceived” the things God has prepared for those who love him— these are the things God has revealed to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.  For who knows a person’s thoughts except their own spirit within them? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. What we have received is not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may understand what God has freely given us
.”

1 Pet 1:12  “It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, when they spoke of the things that have now been told you by those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things.”

Rom 8:26In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans.”

John 15:26When the Advocate comes, whom I will send to you from the Father—the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father—he will testify about me.”

John 16:13But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.”

Acts 16:6-7Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia.  When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.”

Acts 20:28 “Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God which he bought with his own blood.”

Roman 8:14For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God.”

John 16:8When he comes, he will prove the world to be in the wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment.”

Ephesians 1:13-14And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession—to the praise of his glory.”

Isaiah 34:16Look in the scroll of the LORD and read: one of these will be missing, not one will lack her mate. For it is his mouth that has given the order, And his Spirit will gather them together.”

2 Peter 1:20-21First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, because no prophecy ever came by the impulse of man, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.”

Praying in the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the least understood of the Trinity of God.  He is the most neglected even though He is involved perhaps the most in a believer’s life. The Holy Spirit is the One Who reveals Who the Savior is and opens up our minds to understand the Word of God because flesh and blood does not bring meaning to the Scriptures.  We can not understand what we are reading unless the Holy Spirit teaches us and imparts meaning to us.  Almost every time you read reference to the “Spirit”, particularly in the New Testament, it is speaking of God the Holy Spirit.  The “Spirit” is the Spirit – God the Holy Spirit.  The Spirit is not a force to be drawn upon like a power but drawing on the power of God.  He is the very power of God.  You can not know Jesus without Him.  You can not possibly overcome sin without His power.  You can not have eternal life without His revealing the Source of this eternal life (John 3).

When you sit down to read the Bible, pray for the Holy Spirit to give you understanding.  Pray that He will reveal what is being read in the Bible for part of the role of the Holy Spirit is to teach us all things, as Christ told the disciples before He departed. The Holy Spirit is also a Helper, a Comforter and He teaches us about the things of God (John 14:26, Luke 12:12).  God the Holy Spirit also guides us in revealing the meaning of God’s written Word (John 16:13) and reminds us of things we need to remember (John 14:26).  If you want to know a sort of job description of the Holy Spirit, John, chapters 14, 15 and 16 will help immensely. Romans chapter 8 is also a chapter that describes the role and work of God the Holy Spirit.  It mentions “the Spirit” frequently in this chapter and this Spirit is none other than God the Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit is God

God the Holy Spirit brings godly repentance and brings about an awareness of when we are not doing the right thing.  He will begin to deal with the sins in our life and help us overcome them.  We are not the ones necessarily that conquer sin; God the Holy Spirit is the power that dwells in us to help us do this.  We can not possibly overcome sin by human effort.  This doesn’t mean that the Holy Spirit stops all the urges nor will He stop our returning to sin, but the Holy Spirit prompts and urges the believer to not engage in such behavior as well as other ungodly acts.  God the Holy Spirit enables us to do good works – not to be saved – but because we are saved.  The Holy Spirit also points to and always seeks to glorify Jesus Christ.  So too should we.  In this way, we can join in purpose with God the Holy Spirit to glorify Jesus Christ.  The next time you think of the Holy Spirit, think of Him as God Himself.  For the Holy Spirit is God, was God, and will forever be God.  Jesus is also called Immanuel (God with us); God the Holy Spirit is God in us; if we are Christians.  That is Who the Holy Spirit is.

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{ 29 comments… read them below or add one }

Sarah April 19, 2012 at 12:16 pm

May we use your articles for our weekly bible study?

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admin April 19, 2012 at 1:13 pm

Sarah,

That would be great! If you do post it somewhere online we require a link back to the original article.

Reply

Jack April 19, 2012 at 3:27 pm

Thank you Sarah that you deem this good enough to use in a Bible Study. I truly believe that God the Holy Spirit is the least known and the least worshiped because He always seeks to glorify Jesus Christ and that is something that I too, weak and feeble as it may be, to do the same thing. To God be all glory, honor, praise, worship, and credit. Apart from Him, I am nothing!

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sharna December 5, 2012 at 2:04 pm

Clear, fab, insightfull… No gray areas! TX

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Jack Wellman December 5, 2012 at 2:10 pm

Thank you Sharna for your encouragement. May God bring you back here soon.

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Mlamuli February 5, 2013 at 8:04 am

Hallow Jack!

Is it true that God is not Jesus? God is the “creator”.

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Jack Wellman February 5, 2013 at 12:06 pm

Mlamuli, no, it is NOT true that Jesus is not God. Jesus IS God. Read:

John 1:1 – “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

John 1:14 – “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.”

John 5:18 – “For this cause therefore the Jews were seeking all the more to kill Him, because He not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.”
John 8:24 – “I said therefore to you, that you shall die in your sins; for unless you believe that I am He, you shall die in your sins.”

John 8:58 – “Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.'”

Exodus 3:14 – “And God said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM'; and He said, Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”

John 10:30-33 – “I and the Father are one.” 31 The Jews took up stones again to stone Him. 32 Jesus answered them, “I showed you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you stoning Me?” 33 The Jews answered Him, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy; and because You, being a man, make Yourself out to be God.”

John 20:28 – “Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” and dozens more prove that Jesus IS God and by the way, Jesus IS Creator too. Read:

For by Him [Jesus] all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him (Colossians 1:16)

In [the] beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This one was in [the] beginning with God. All things came into existence through him, and apart from him not even one thing came into existence (John 1:1–3).

Heb. 1:1-3 “God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person;”

and dozens more. This should prove, according to the Bible that Jesus is both God AND Creator but let me say that creation is a work of all Three Persons of the Trinity.

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pastor joseph February 14, 2013 at 10:43 pm

Dearly pastor Jack Wellman, it is very clear to about the holy spirit.I am very much interested to read your articles.I would like to use your articles in sermones. Thanks a lot in christ. Pls pray for my ministry.

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Jack Wellman February 14, 2013 at 10:44 pm

Hello Pastor Joseph. I will pray for you fellow pastor and you are welcome to use whatever you wish. May God richly bless your ministry sir.

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Sn.im March 6, 2013 at 9:58 pm

I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays.

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Linda May 8, 2013 at 6:55 pm

Pastor Jack, I was reading your article today and enjoyed it. Then out popped a note saying I may also like—-so I then clicked on it and it brought me here. I read this article too and the comments, this is all new to me, so now I am very confused. Your article states that Jesus is God. Then could you please explain to me the following :
Luke:2-52 -and Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.
Luke 3:21-22.(where John is baptizing Jesus)…Thou art my beloved son; in thee I am well pleased.
There are many more but especially, Luke:23-46 “and when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.
I am patiently awaiting and
looking forward to your reply,
Thank you Pastor Jack, Linda

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Jack Wellman May 8, 2013 at 8:39 pm

Thanks Linda. Here is a link that shows that Jesus is God and has always been God and as such, was not created.

http://carm.org/bible-verses-show-jesus-divine

Hope this helps.

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Suresh May 27, 2013 at 7:19 am

do they properly spelt or I misunderstood, I feel the below verse wrote in reverse.
We can lie to Him (Acts 5:3-4)
We can quench Him (1 Thess 5:19)
We can grieve Him (Eph 4:30)
please check them.

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Suresh May 27, 2013 at 7:31 am

I mean it should not do like mentioned below.
We can lie to Him (Acts 5:3-4)
We can quench Him (1 Thess 5:19)
We can grieve Him (Eph 4:30)

it might be wrote like. .

We shouldn’t lie to Him (Acts 5:3-4)
We shouldn’t quench Him (1 Thess 5:19)
We shouldn’t grieve Him (Eph 4:30)

sorry, if I’m wrong.
waiting for your reply..

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Jack Wellman May 27, 2013 at 9:52 am

No my friend, you are not wrong but my point in this article is that God the Holy Spirit is a Person and we can lie to Him and quench Him but yes, we shouldn’t do so. Thank you.

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Denise July 10, 2013 at 12:35 am

Hello Jack,
I am a little confused about actually praying to the Holy Spirit. I have always read in the scriptures that we are to pray in the power of the Holy Spirit. I can not find one scripture where anyone has ever actually prayed to the Holy Spirit. The scriptures clearly tell us exactly how to pray as far as I have studied. There are several examples of Him telling us to pray directly to God the Father, in the name of Jesus, but never to the Holy Spirit. We were never given permission to pray to the Holy Spirit but to pray in the “power” of the Holy Spirit. The way I see it, we should always pray to God the Father, in the name of Jesus and we can ask Him to give us the power of the Holy Spirit. Please give me some verses that say it is okay for us to pray to the Holy Spirit. Thank you.

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Jack Wellman July 10, 2013 at 12:53 pm

Thank you so much Denise. I re-read my article and didn’t see where I wrote that we should pray to the Holy Spirit but we are to pray IN the Spirit. You are right, we are to pray to God the Father and in the Name of Jesus Christ. I agree, we should always pray to the Father and in Jesus’ name. Can you show me where I said that we are to pray TO the Holy Spirit?

Where I think I may have some confusion is that when we sit down to read the Bible, we are to pray that the Holy Spirit gives us understanding of what is in the written Word, the Bible and so if I was not clear on that, I apologize. I see that you do know how to and through who too in prayer but for those who may not, read more on how to pray, please check this out at:

Ihttp://www.whatchristianswanttoknow.com/how-should-i-pray-a-biblical-analysis/

Thank you Denise for your keen insight.

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Denise July 11, 2013 at 10:45 am

Thank you for your response Jack. The title to your article is “Praying to the Holy Spirit”, so one would be lead to believe that everything written under this title is about praying TO the Holy Spirit and not IN the Spirit. There is a big difference, so you may want to change your title if this is not the interpretation that you are trying to convey to your readers. It is very well written by the way. Thank you for taking time to share God’s word!

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Jack Wellman July 11, 2013 at 11:11 am

Thanks Denise. This was a subheading actually but you are right my friend. Done! I appreciate you.

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Denise July 12, 2013 at 2:17 am

No problem Jack. However, in the second paragraph under your new title of “Praying in the Holy Spirit”. You write: “When you sit down to read the Bible, pray to the Holy Spirit.” Here again is another example of telling your readers to pray TO the Holy Spirit. There is so much confusion out there about this topic. Just want to make sure it is clarified for them, especially if they are going to do a study on your article. Just want to make sure they know what is actually Biblical and what is not. Thank you again! :)

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Jack Wellman July 12, 2013 at 12:14 pm

Got it Denise. I clearly understand what you said and took care of it my good friend. Again, thank you…and you are so right…our Bible studies must be biblically sound so thank you for your keen insight.

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Genesis July 30, 2013 at 12:03 am

Think you for this article Jack, I am working on being humble and was wondering how do I let the Holy Spirit work that out in my life? I know that apart from god we can do nothing. What should I do while I’m letting the Holy Spirit work in my life?

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Jack Wellman July 30, 2013 at 12:27 pm

Hello Genesis…the Holy Spirit always seeks to glorify Christ and points all believers to obedience to God and the Bible, therefore what you can do to let the Holy Spirit work in your life is to yield to God’s Spirit and witness to others and to glorify God in your Body. For more on what the Holy Spirit does and can do through you read Romans 8 which is all about what the Holy Spirit seeks to do in us.

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Patricia Schneider November 24, 2013 at 2:51 am

Hello, Pastor Jack!
Another wonderful article with Scriptures! Thank you bunches!

I, too, am a tad concerned about the section, “Praying IN The
Holy Spirit.”

OK. As much as humanly possible, I understand there are 3
PERSONS in ONE GOD. The Father, His Son, Jesus, and His
Holy Spirit.
If we can pray (converse, talk with, too,) with our Father and Jesus, why NOT His Holy Spirit also?

Which I have been doing EACH time before I open my Bible, God’s Word, since being born-again in God’s Spirit. (Hope that sentence isn’t as confusing as it looks to me, Pastor! Apologize again for being wordy.)
I simply pray, “Holy Spirit, for all unbelievers, certain members of my family (whom I specifically name), for Christians who have left the family of God, and for myself to open our spiritual eyes & unhardened our hearts to the truth of God’s Word, in the mighty name of Jesus. Amen!”

So, Pastor Jack, my question: Am I doing wrong in God’s eyes? (I’ve even come to calling His Holy Spirit, “My Dove” as He lighted upon Jesus’ head when John baptized him in the Jordan River. (Matthew 3:16 NIV)

Throughout the day I often call out to God’s Holy Spirit when I become upset, befuddled & even share joyful moments with Him as I do with our Father and Jesus, my beloved Savior.
Please, Pastor, let me know if you believe that I am indeed
doing something our Father doesn’t want me to do, and explain in your inspirationally wonderful way if the answer is negative. No way do I ever want to offend our Father!!

God’s wonderful blessings & graces be showered upon you, Pastor Jack, and your family!!!
Forever, your Sis in Christ Jesus ~ Patty

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Jack Wellman November 24, 2013 at 12:54 pm

Patty…I think what you are doing is exceptionally good. I trust your judgment. I just got home from church and have to work and so may have a short answer but even on my birthday I have a touch and go…to work and wont’ return home till late and heading off to travel into snow and am exhausted. Thanks for your prayers. Keep doing wha tyour doing.

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Patricia Schneider November 24, 2013 at 1:35 pm

HAPPY, HAPPY BIRTHDAY, PASTOR JACK!!!!

So sorry you have to work on your Special Day (and STILL
praying to Father God for a much-needed vacation for you, Pastor!! ALL THINGS ARE POSSIBLE WITH GOD, right, Brother?! Hang in there, Pastor, that ‘vacation’ will be popping up in the near future. ….Waiting upon God’s Perfect Timing, nothing against our Father, but it can drive one nutsy! Yes? LOL!!!)
I pray you at least have some cake & ice-cream!!
Oodles of God’s special blessings on your Special Day, Pastor Jack!!! Again, HAPPY, HAPPY BIRTHDAY!!! ~ Patty

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Jack Wellman November 24, 2013 at 8:46 pm

Thanks…still at work…I got no cake or icem but got some new jeans and some socks….thanks my friend. I wish I didn’t have to work on my birhtday all day but I am still blessed. Exausted with school (seminary), family, work, pastoring, the website, and more but thnank GOd anyway.

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raykar June 8, 2014 at 5:00 pm

As to the Second Coming of Christ, Jesus Christ revealed the holistic consciousness of all when He said, “I AM THE TRUTH, LIFE, AND THE WAY.”

I suspect most will be offended, but that statement revealed that All men are potential Christs but suffer from Spiritual Amnesia, due to Satanic religious and secular conditioning instead of finding balance in Life by exercising one’s God’s given Gift of Divine Awareness. In such a simple shift in

Consciousness lies the Salvation that all seek. Take a new and fresh look at the wonderment of Christ Consciousness at The Sovereign Way To Change Your Life “The Way Of The Spirit; The way of this changing world!”

Reply

raykar June 8, 2014 at 8:46 pm

As to the Second Coming of Christ, Jesus Christ revealed the holistic consciousness (the Holy Ghost) of all when He said, “I AM THE TRUTH, LIFE, AND THE WAY.” I suspect most will be offended, but that statement revealed that All men are potential Christs but suffer from Spiritual Amnesia, due to Satanic religious and secular conditioning instead of finding balance in Life by exercising one’s God’s given Gift of Divine Awareness. In such a simple shift in Consciousness lies the Salvation that all seek.

Reply

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